Transportation in the Waterways of Venice – Stella Stergiadi
Table of Contexts
Public transportation in Venice
Private transportation in Venice
4. Future context
The city of Venice, with a population about 270.000 residents in 2009, is located in northern Italy and is the capital of Veneto region . Venice is worldwide known as one of the most intriguing places, hosting an average of 15 million tourists per year . The city stretches across 117 small islands in the marshy Venetian Lagoon along the Adriatic Sea .
The city of Venice is divided into six areas. These are Cannaregio (where the train station is), San Polo, Dorsoduro (including the Giudecca and Isola Sacca Fisola), Santa Croce (closest area approached by bus or car), San Marco and Castello . Venice's main thoroughfare, which runs down the middle, is called the Grand Canal .
The city of Venice is built on piles , on the 117 low-lying islands formed by 177 canals, in a shallow lagoon, connected by 409 bridges. In the old center, the canals serve the function of roads and almost every form of transport is on water or on foot. Beyond the road/rail land entrances by Ponte della Liberta at the northern edge of the city, transportation within the city remains (as it was in centuries past) entirely on water or on foot. Venice is Europe's largest urban car-free area, having remained a sizable functioning city in the twenty-first century, entirely without motorcars or trucks .
In 1881 a regular public transport service with mechanically-propelled vessels began in Venice. The same year, the first waterbus (Regina Margherita), appeared on the Grand Canal. After that, a limited liability company was set up with French funds in Paris and it began the construction of 8 boats at the French shipyards of Rouen. When the 8 waterbuses from Rouen reached Venice, gondoliers looked upon waterbuses as terrible competitors and set themselves against the enterprise. However, the benefits introduced by these new means of transport appeared very soon evident and the initial reservations of Venetians turned into enthusiasm. In 1890 the "Società Veneta Lagunare" (Venetian Lagoon Company) replaced the French Company and extended the service to the areas of the Lagoon outside the City, providing connections with Fusina, San Giuliano, Cavazuccherina and Torcello. In 1903 the Municipal Council aimed at taking direct control of the inland waterbus services and, after having carried out a public-opinion survey with a referendum, founded the" Azienda Comunale per la Navigazione Interna" (Municipal Company for Inland Navigation)( A.C.N. I.) and took over all the inland waterborne, also purchasing the fleet that was being used for these. In 1930 the Municipality of Venice bought in bulk the 14 vessels from the "Società Veneta Lagunare" destined for the Chioggia, Burano and San Giuliano routes, so A.C.N.I. became A.C.N.I.L. "Azienda Comunale di Navigazione Interna Lagunare" (Municipal Company of Lagoon Waterborne Transport) and at the end of the same year it boasted 57 vessels which could carry 11,750 passengers. In the meantime the works for the construction of the road bridge allowing motor vehicles to reach the new Piazzale Roma terminal were proceeding fast. With the opening of the new motor vehicle bridge linking Venice with the mainland (1933) the Municipality of Venice entrusted the control, accounting, ticket supply and supervision of the Venice-Mestre routes to A.C.N.I.L After the War, the Company decided to organise the rebuilding of the fleet with its own staff. Larger and smaller waterbuses were built and all the services were reorganised in 1950. In 1978 the "Azienda del Consorzio Trasporti Veneziano" (A.C.T.V.) ( Venice Public Transport Company) was founded and began operating on the 1st of October of the same year. Bringing us up to the...
References:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venice
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