Transportation

Topics: Transportation, Transport, Logistics Pages: 14 (3681 words) Published: July 31, 2013
MALINI KISHOR SANGHVI COLLEGE OF
COMMERCE AND ECONOMICS

SUBJECT: LOGISTICS AND
SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT

TOPIC NAME: TRANSPORTATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE

SUBMITTED BY :NameRoll No.
112
113
114
115
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117

Submitted to: Prof. Vijay Kumar

Signature:

Date: /07/2013

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We consider it a great privilege to get an opportunity to express my feelings towards all those who have helped us in completion of my project.

Hard work, devotion, gradual progress and an exciting year, that’s how we have reached this level and now as we stand at the threshold of the aside world, we take a look of the past years which we have spent in the College. Our performance with the devotion, have moulded us in to confident and aspiring students all through this year.

First of all we would like to thanks to the professor for giving us chance to work on the project.

Finally would like to thank to almighty god for sending us as human in this world to experience the glory. Never the less my class mates, younger mates for helping us the way or other in this project.

Index

Topic Name| Page no.| Teachers Signature|
Transportation and Infrastructure Introduction| 4-5| |
Modes of Transport and its Advantages and Disadvantages| 6-14| | Transport Infrastructure | 15-16| |
Environment| 17| |
Bibilography| 18| |
Conclusion| 19| |

TRANSPORTATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE
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Introduction

Transport or transportation is the movement of people, animals and goods from one location to another. Modes of transport include air, rail, road, water, cable, pipeline and space. The field can be divided into infrastructure, vehicles and operations.

Transport is important since it enables trade between people, which in turn establishes civilizations.

Transport infrastructure consists of the fixed installations necessary for transport, including roads, railways, airways, waterways, canals and pipelines and terminals such as airports, railway stations, bus stations, warehouses, trucking terminals, refueling depots (including fueling docks and fuel stations) and seaports.

Vehicles traveling on these networks may include automobiles, bicycles, buses, trains, trucks, people, helicopters and aircraft. Operations deal with the way the vehicles are operated, and the procedures set for this purpose including financing, legalities and policies. In the transport industry, operations and ownership of infrastructure can be either public or private, depending on the country and mode. Passenger transport may be public, where operators provide scheduled services, or private. Freight transport has become focused on containerization, although bulk transport is used for large volumes of durable items. Transport plays an important part in economic growth and globalization, but most types cause air pollution and use large amounts of land. While it is heavily subsidized by governments, good planning of transport is essential to make traffic flow and restrain urban sprawl.

MODES OF TRANSPORT
Air Transport:
The aircraft is the second fastest method of transport, after the rocket. Aviation is able to quickly transport people and limited amounts of cargo over longer distances, but incur high costs and energy use; for short distances or in inaccessible places helicopters can be used. As of April 28, 2009 The Guardian article notes that, "the WHO estimates that up to 500,000 people are on planes at any time. "ADVANTAGES OF AIR TRANSPORT:

1. Fastest means of Transport:
Air transport operates at a very high speed. The high speed makes the air transport the fastest of all the other forms of transport. People can reach the destination in very less time. 2. Suitability:

Air transport is suitable to carry passengers who want lot of comfort and convenience. The passengers can save lot of time. Light and valuable goods like diamonds,...


Bibliography: Bardi, Edward; John Coyle and Robert Novack (2006).Management of Transportation.Thomson South-Western.
Chopra, Sunil and Peter Meindl (2007). Supply Chain Management. Pearson.
Christopher P
Lay, Maxwell G (1992). Ways of the World: A History of the World 's Roads and of the Vehicles that Used Them.
Stopford, Martin (1997). Maritime Economics. London: Routledge.
Conclusion
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