Transformational Grammar

Good Essays
Transformational grammar – is a linguistic theory also known as transformational-generative grammar. It arose in the 1950’s and considers the most important task of descriptive linguistics to be the construction of a transformational grammar. The theory was founded by the American linguist N. Chomsky; other adherents have included R. Lees, C. Fillmore, E. Klima, E. Bach, J. Katz, J. Fodor, M. Bierwisch, and R. Rüzicka.
In the late 1960’s the concept of deep structure was reexamined owing to a growing need to relate syntactic description with meaning. Transformational-generative grammar divided into two schools.
The first school, headed by R. Jackendoff and R. Dougherty, was that of interpretive semantics. It retained the concept of deep structure but permitted rules of semantic interpretation that use information other than the information contained in the deep structure. The second school, that of generative semantics, rejected the concept of deep structure and developed rules for generating the sentences of a language directly from their semantic representations. The main representatives of this school are G. Lakoff, J. McCawley, J. Ross, and P. Postal.
TG is based on the concept of a universal grammar (UG) which is the set of rules for language that all humans possess thanks to the common genetic features which distinguish them from other organisms and make them ""human.""
When it comes to syntax, [Noam] Chomsky is famous for proposing that beneath every sentence in the mind of a speaker is an invisible, inaudible deep structure, the interface to the mental lexicon. The deep structure is converted by transformational rules into a surface structure that corresponds more closely to what is pronounced and heard. In transformational grammar, the term 'rule' is used not for a precept set down by an external authority but for a principle that is unconsciously yet regularly followed in the production and interpretation of sentences. A rule is a direction for

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    sentences. e.g. *The recent strike by pilots have cost the country a great deal of money from tourism and so on. e.g. He said that that ‘that’ that that man used was wrong. Understanding of syntax, transformation grammar (TG) and systemic functional grammar (SFG) will be beneficial in clarifying how each word is categorized, and the contribution that it makes in a sentence. Objectives of the research l Looking at simple types of moods à considering: “in which components and with…

    • 257 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Grammar

    • 350 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The object of grammar. Two types of grammar: normative, theoretical. Two parts of grammar: morphology, syntax. Grammar is a branch of Linguistics which studies the grammatical structure of language. The grammatical structure covers the rules of changing words and rules of arranging the forms of words into phrases and sentences. Grammar may study the gr. Structure of a language in different aspects. So? We distinguish: - historical grammar which describes the str. of words, phrases, sentences in…

    • 350 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Grammar

    • 9006 Words
    • 37 Pages

    teaching grammar HANDOYO PUJI WIDODO The English Program, Politeknik Negeri Jember (State Polytechnic of Jember) East Java, Indonesia ABSTRACT: Teaching grammar has been regarded as crucial to the ability to use language. For this reason, this article introduces a five-step procedure for teaching grammar. I have developed this procedure, which incorporates the notions of practice and consciousness-raising, explicit and implicit knowledge, and deductive and inductive approaches for teaching grammar. This…

    • 9006 Words
    • 37 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Grammar

    • 2870 Words
    • 12 Pages

    English Grammar BIL 3013 Semester 1 Session 2012/2013 Associate Professor Doctor Abdul Halim Ibrahim Assignment 1 Ways Of Building Vocabulary Name: Tan Seng Cheng Matric Number: D20121058134 Vocabulary is the knowledge of words and morphemes. There are two kinds of words, form class words and structure class words. Form class words are words that independently have meaning even if it stands alone or have lexical meaning. For example, words like cat, dog and house. This class can be…

    • 2870 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    grammar

    • 6983 Words
    • 28 Pages

    Function word Function words (or grammatical words or synsemantic words or structure-class words) are words that have little lexical meaning or have ambiguous meaning, but instead serve to express grammatical relationships with other words within a sentence, or specify the attitude or mood of the speaker. They signal the structural relationships that words have to one another and are the glue that holds sentences together. Thus, they serve as important elements to the structures of sentences. [1] Consider…

    • 6983 Words
    • 28 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Generative Grammar

    • 319 Words
    • 2 Pages

    generative grammar refers to a particular approach to the study of syntax. A generative grammar of a language attempts to give a set of rules that will correctly predict which combinations of words will form grammatical sentences. In most approaches to generative grammar, the rules will also predict the morphology of a sentence.[citation needed] Generative grammar arguably originates in the work of Noam Chomsky, beginning in the late 1950s. However, Chomsky has said that the first generative grammar in the…

    • 319 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Transformational Leadership

    • 2481 Words
    • 10 Pages

    ...........................................................................................02 Introduction .............................................................................................................................02 Why Transformational Leadership Is Important?....................................................................03 Individual Growth and Development...........................................................................03 Increases Performance......…

    • 2481 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Grammar

    • 1064 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Doing What’s Right Can Be So Hard In John Updike’s “A & P” Sammy, the main character of the story encounters three young girls who come into his grocery store. They are dressed for a day at the beach, not shopping. “The one that caught my eye first was the one in the plaid green two-piece. She was a chunky kid, with a good tan and a sweet broad soft-looking can with those two crescents of white just under it, where the sun never seems to hit, at the top of the backs of her legs.” (Updike) Sammy…

    • 1064 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Grammar

    • 4184 Words
    • 17 Pages

    SGRE3073 INTRODUCTION TO LITERATURE A) Guides: 1. The assignment should be approximately 5-10 pages. 2. Double spacing 3. Times New Roman 4. Font Size 12 5. Referencing: APA 6. Cover page: Plain White Writing Standards: Students are expected to demonstrate writing skills in describing, analyzing and evaluating ideas and experiences. Written material must follow specific standards regarding citations of authors' work within the text and references at the end of the paper. Grades will be assigned…

    • 4184 Words
    • 17 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Transformational Leadership Team Paper Soloman DeFrancis, Sonia DeHay, Jezelle Fullwood, and Regina Tillman Brandman University Definition of Transformational Leadership Organizations continually undergo various changes and as each new practice is introduced, leaders have attempted multiple ways to go about implementing change. However, research indicates that transformational change is the most difficult yet effective way to sustain growth and progress…

    • 1528 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays