Transformations require an imaginative reshaping of significant elements and thus it does not require to mirror the original source as there are no rules about the process. A transformation can stand on its own merit but its interpretation and understanding is enriched when the viewer is familiar with both the original text and the ways the new text has paid tribute to the original piece. It is highly engaging and interesting to view these parallels and allusions as transformations serve to reinforce the universality of the original text. Tom Stoppard’s play Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead (RAGAD) is highly stimulating transformations of Shakespeare’s famous Hamlet as he derives a different perspective on the events of Hamlet and creates a whole new world of meaning by transforming significant element such as characterisation, language and themes of fate and death. Tom Stoppard’s transformation of characters has led to reshaping the perspective of the original story by presenting the same characters and settings as Hamlet however shifting the angle of outlook as minor characters assume control over the stage and the characters such as Hamlet are downgraded to the sideline. Stoppard has transformed Shakespeare’s monarchist characters; especially Hamlet into the contemporary 20th century characters of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern who not truly protagonist as the plot does proceed due to their presence. Shakespeare Depicts Ros and Guil as an inseparable pair that are largely undistinguishable individual that were viewed as ignorant and naïve villains who were manipulating and manipulated and deserved their punishment due to their part in the King’s conspiracy. Stoppard has transformed this view by establishing that they are different characters yet with false identifications and more as representatives instead of individuals. They have been emphasized as innocent when Ros pleads; “we have done nothing wrong” and their absurd tragedy and...
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