Transformation in the Metamorphosis

Better Essays
Transformation in The Metamorphosis
When people are put in tough situations, they are forced to adapt to their surroundings. The Metamorphosis demonstrates a particular theme that shows how people change when they are faced with hardships and sufferings. In the novella, Gregor transforms into a bug because of the pressure that results from his very dependent family and his job. Gregor’s sister, Grete, and their father, Mr. Samsa, also change their behavior and attitude because of the distress Gregor’s transformation adds to their family. Through the use of the transformation of characters in the novella, The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka portrays the idea that people change under pressure.
Throughout the novella, Kafka constantly mentions Gregor’s job and his roles at work. His whole life is revolved around the company and he has no social life because of it. Due to all of this pressure and stress, Gregor changes form. Kafka opens the story with, “When Gregor Samsa awoke in his bed one morning from unquiet dreams, he found himself transformed into an enormous insect” (945). This shows that over time Gregor gets tired of the strain and anxiety that his job creates for him. His alienation is the result of his long working hours and the lack of affection and affirmation he receives from everyone surrounding him. After Gregor wakes up, he hears the doorbell ring and he attempts to get up. When Gregor finally opens the door and reveals his new transformation to his family and the Deputy Director he observes that, “On the wall just opposite hung a photograph of Gregor from his military days, which showed him dressed as a lieutenant, with a carefree smile, his hand on his dagger, his bearing and his uniform commanding respect” (953). Before Gregor’s strict work life, for once, he is content with his life because he is a member of the military. However, when he gets a job to provide for his parents and sister, he is no longer able to live a carefree life. Gregor is held

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Throughout the course of chapter 2 in The Metamorphosis, Kafka reveals the challenging obstacles Gregor has to defeat, in order to save the humanity that he has left. Kafka explains Gregor’s internal problems in which Gregor has a tough time using human qualities and falls in the state of being an insect. With the transformation being hard on his family, Gregor wants to be no extra trouble to them. Overtime time, Gregor’s guilt is slowly building up, especially for his sister. It is visible to see…

    • 719 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    In The Metamorphasis, Kafka’s treatment of Gregor’s transformation demonstrates how beyond human control the natural world is. The human turning back into nature demonstrates a relationship between man and the environment. Throughout the novel there is, however, much talk of the cure and of acceptance, yet nature goes on unrelated to all talk of ways to change the situation. In the novel, Gregor’s father shows considerable hostility towards him. Kafka’s own father was domineering and severe and…

    • 555 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    uses Gregory, Grete, and their parents to show varying degrees of transformation. We see several occurrences of transformation in today’s society through nature, people, and money. The most prominent occasion of transformation that we see in The Metamorphosis is Gregory’s change from a regular young boy to a creepy creature. He wakes up realizing that he is a new species, and has to adjust to his new life. Gregory’s transformation also causes for a new training of how to maneuver on a daily basis…

    • 539 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    The Transformation of Gregor’s Family : An Analysis of “The Metamorphosis” In Franz Kafka’s 1915 novella “The Metamorphosis,” is about betrayal and humiliation of an individual by his family. Gregor Samsa is a young traveling salesman who spends his life working in order to support his family. One morning, he wakes up and finds himself transformed into a gigantic vermin (Kafka 3).At first, he tries to remain calm and go back to bed. However, his transformed body prevents him from getting comfortable;…

    • 1659 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Better Essays

    Franz Kafka’s short story, The Metamorphosis, illustrates the struggle of a family trying to manage with the insect transformation of the main character, Gregor Samsa. Although most readers might argue that the focus of the metamorphosis is based around Gregor due to his transformation; however, from the moment we meet Gregor, his reality insignificantly changes in spite of his drastic physical change. Gregor’s physical change introduces an altercation in Grete’s life that we see over the course…

    • 1263 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    In Metamorphosis Gregor Samsa felt insignificant and useless before he went through his metamorphosis, later in the book he transforms into a cockroach, a hated and viewed as a very repulsive bug by humans. This shows what he felt about himself about how he thought others perceived him. Since how Gregor is a bug and is unable to talk it gives a greater insight to how he feels and what he is thinking. This gives him as a bug more character and depth than the other people in the story who should have…

    • 430 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Transformations and Symbolism in Frank Kafka’s "The Metamorphosis" Franz Kafka 's stories are perhaps one of the most open-interpreted works of literature of the twentieth century because of his alienated and disturbed characters placed upon modern backdrops of despair and horror that in the years to come after his writings would come to life. While there will be some who wish to interpret "The Metamorphosis" as a work of prophecy that depicts the grotesqueries and dehumanization from future events…

    • 1782 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    The main character in Franz Kafka‘s, The Metamorphosis, experiences a surprising and tragic transformation that cut short his already miserable life. We are first introduced to the main character, a traveling salesman named Gregor, who awakes in the morning to find he had been transformed into a horrible vermin. Throughout the story, Gregor remembers what his life was like prior to his transformation. The author describes Gregor as a traveling salesman who is very hard working and an excellent provider…

    • 349 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    In the book The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka, Gregor Samsa wakes up one morning to find that he has turned into a giant roach like bug. Gregor was a traveling salesman, he hated his job but his family relied on him as he was the only one bringing in money. However after his transformation the structure of his family began to change; the bug Gregor is now treated with contempt and disgust, his sister becomes his caretaker, his father the breadwinner, and he becomes the burden. After spiraling into…

    • 1308 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    of an Allegory,” by Edwin Honig and “Franz Kafka’s ‘Metamorphosis’ as Death and Resurrection Fantasy,” by Peter Dow Webster illuminate how sacrifice and transformation are a vital part of the deeper meaning of "The Metamorphosis." Gregor Samsa is an ordinary young man until he wakes up one day as a giant vermin; metamorphosised into something horrendous and reviled by the world. Through Honig’s and Webster’s critical essays, this transformation, as well as many more, and sacrifice made by all involved…

    • 1090 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays