Trail of Tears Article

Topics: Native Americans in the United States, Cherokee, Andrew Jackson Pages: 4 (1436 words) Published: May 5, 2013

U.S. History -- Expansion & Manifest Destiny (1784-1860) Subject Terms:
INDIANS of North America ; TRAIL of Tears, 1838-1839 ; CHEROKEE Indians -- Relocation ; JACKSON, Andrew, 1767-1845 ; SEMINOLE Indians ; UNITED States -- History -- 1815-1861 Authors:
McGill, Sara Ann
Indian Removal & the Trail of Tears; 2009, p1(Click to view 'Table of Contents')2p Publisher:
Great Neck Publishing

Book Collection Nonfiction: High School Edition

Indian Removal & the Trail of Tears

The initial colonization of the North American continent brought with it continual conflict between white settlers and Native Americans. Populated areas quickly became overcrowded, leaving the influx of new arrivals to settle outlying lands that belonged to the local Indian tribes, who were often unwilling to move. The United States government created many oppressive, anti-Indian land-reform policies throughout the years between the War of 1812 and the Civil War. The goal of such government action was to open up the lands east of the Mississippi River for white settlers by evicting the five Indian tribes of the East Coast and relocating them to the dry, arid lands in the west. The government's involvement in forced exile of the Cherokee and other tribes became known as the Trail of Tears, and reached its peak under the direction of President Andrew Jackson. For years the United States coerced, manipulated and bullied the tribes of the Seminole, Choctaw, Creek, Cherokee and Chickasaw into relinquishing their tribal grounds. Although the tribes that were unwilling to give up their homes fought back against the federal government, their valiant efforts to maintain their lands and dignity were unsuccessful. Jackson and the Indians

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