Traditions and Encounters Chapter 19

Satisfactory Essays
Chapter 19
Read Pages 483-506
ASSIGNMENT DUE DATE: _______

Historical Terms and Concepts: Please include the significance for each term/concept.

1. Bantu Migrations

migrations of the Bantu people that helped to spread agriculture and herding to many areas of Sub-Saharan Africa, iron metallurgy, and rapidly increased the population. (started around 2000 BCE), linguistically influential. 2. Stateless society

term relating to societies such as those of sub-Saharan Africa after the Bantu migrations that featured decentralized rule through family and kinship groups instead of strongly centralized hierarchies. 3. Sundiata

founder of the Mali Empire (r, 1230-1255), also the inspiration for the Sundiata, an African literary and mythological work. 4. Gold-salt trade

the kingdom of Ghana became the center of trade for gold, it helped strengthen their realm by controlling and taxing trade. In return, they received horses, cloth, small manufactured wares, and most importantly salt. (it was a crucial commodity that local sources could not supply in large quantities. 5. Kinship groups

a method through which many sub-Saharan peoples governed themselves. Male heads of families constituted a village's ruling council (decided public affairs), most prominent family head acted as village chief. portions of land were allocated for cultivation, harvests were distributed among the members. (based on families and clans) 6. Creator god

a single male divine force or male god that was recognized as the agent responsible for setting the work in motion and providing it with order, some believed he sustained the world, intervened indirectly through spirits to affect human affairs, was all-powerful, all-knowing, omnipotent and omniscient.(peoples of sub-Saharan Africa) 7. Sugar Cane

juicy canes whose sap is a source of molasses and commercial sugar

8. Mansa Musa

the ruler of Mali from 1312 to 1337 (the high point of the empire)

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