Trade unions exist because an individual worker has very little power to influence decisions that are made about his or her job. By joining together with other workers, there is more chance of having a voice and influence.
Functions of Trade Unions :- It has already been stated that trade unions aim to further its members' interests, this could be done by some of the following
• Obtaining satisfactory rates of pay. Research has shown that workers belonging to unions have better levels of wages
• Protecting workers jobs, as it has been shown that union members are less likely to be dismissed.
• Securing adequate work facilities
• Ensuring satisfactory work conditions, this can include areas such as health and safety and equal opportunities.
• Negotiating bonuses for achieving targets
• Negotiating employment conditions and job descriptions
What Is The Role Of Trade Unions In Industrial Disputes?
Most "collective bargaining" takes place quietly and agreements are quickly reached by the union and the employer. Occasionally disagreements do occur and the two sides cannot agree. In these cases the union may decide to take industrial action.
Industrial action takes different forms. It could mean an over time ban, a work-to-rule or a strike. There are strict laws which unions have to follow when they take industrial action.
A strike is only called as a last resort. Strikes are often in the news but are rare. Both sides have a lot to lose. Employers lose income because of interruptions to production or services. Employees lose their salaries and may find that their jobs are at risk.
What Are The Main Challenges Facing Trade Unions? : - Lack of Balanced Growth, Low Membership, Multiplicity of Unions, Inter-Union Rivalry, Lack of able