The trade union, through its leadership, bargains with the employer on behalf of union members and negotiates with employers. This may include the negotiation of wages, work rules, complaint procedures, rules governing hiring, firing and promotion of workers, benefits, workplace safety and policies. The agreements negotiated by the union leaders are binding on the rank and file members and the employer and in some cases on other non-member workers. These organizations may comprise individual.
Trade Union: Meaning
Trade Union is an organization of workers who have hooped together to achieve common goals such as protecting the integrity of its trade, achieving higher pay, increasing the number of employees an employer hires, and better working conditions. An organized association of workers in a trade, group of trades, or profession, formed to protect and further their rights and interests. A group of employees in a particular sector, whose aim is to negotiate with employees overpay, job security, working hours, etc. using the collective power of the members. The most common purpose of these associations or unions is ‘maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment.’ According to Section 2 (xv) of the Bangladesh Labour Act, 2006 ‘trade union’ means trade union of workers or employees formed and registered under this Act and shall include a ‘federation of trade unions.’ Section 176, the Bangladesh Labor Act, 2006 / Section 3, Industrial Relations Order, 1969 enunciates as follows:
“Workers/employers, without distinction whatsoever, shall have the right to form trade union for the purpose of regulating the relations between workers and employers or workers and workers or employers and employers and, subject to the constitution of the union concerned, to join trade union of their own choosing.”
Reasons behind the formation of Trade Union
In earlier times when industry was on a small scale and the few apprentice and craftsmen whom the master craftsmen employed usually lived with him, conditions of employment and any grievances were easily discussed individually or in small groups and quickly settled. Modern industry is very difficult. It is organized on a large a scale, and the maintenance of the close direct relation between employee and employer for the settling of differences is difficult. The status and security which workers had in earlier communities have gone and in their place they need the protection of trade unions. Considerably, to answer the question why trade unions are organized; we have to say that, it is created to bargain and ensure the status, rights, wages and demands of workers of the modern world of industry. Thus modern industrial policies are complex due to the expansion on business; it is very much needed to have a group of people or volunteers who actively work for the labor negotiations. So it is clear that trade unions are growing rapidly in an economy because of the expansion of business and economical growth.
Purposes of Trade Union
Today’s world is globalized. So businesses are also globalized. For this globalization businesses are expanding rapidly for that reason the work force in the industries is increasing hugely. To maintain the whole work force alone by the management is a very tough job. Trade unions are the only way to manage, compliant, and control the labor force. Lots of objectives are thereto organizing trade unions.
From the workers point of view important objectives of trade union today are as follows:
1. To defend or improve the wages and working conditions of workers and to bring about a change in the economic order; 2. To strengthen their (labor) bargaining power collectively to establish and achieve all their rights; 3. To dully protect all other interest of the workers.
And from the management’s point of view the objectives as written:
a) To reduce the number of negotiation;
b) To specify work rules, disagreements and...
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