Done by Michelle mboya year 11s
WHAT IS A TRADE UNION?
Trade unions are organizations that represent people at work. They consist of workers and union leaders, united to promote and protect their interests. Trade unions exist because an individual worker has very little power to influence decisions that are made about his or her job. By joining together with other workers, there is more chance of having a voice and influence.
THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF TRADE UNIONS.
* CRAFT UNION:
A union representing workers who share the same skill-set or who perform identical tasks.
* GENERAL UNION
Is a trade union which represents workers from a variety of trades and industries. They are often un-skilled but also include semi-skilled workers.
* AN INDUSTRIAL UNION
Is a trade union that represents all types of workers in an industry, regardless of their specific skills, functions and job responsibilities
* A WHITE-COLAR UNION
is a trade union which represents non-manual office workers, examples; office workers, management and professional people.
WHY DO WORKERS JOIN A TRADE-UNION?
Trade unions can provide many benefits for their members. Some workers join a trade union because they believe that a trade union can: * negotiate better pay
* negotiate better working conditions, such as more holidays or improved health and safety * provide training for new skills
* promote lifelong learning provide legal and financial advice * provide various consumer benefits (eg. discount offers or vouchers for shops and services) * provide help and advice with problems at work
Trade unions may also represent their members' interests outside the workplace. For example, trade unions may actively lobby the government, public bodies, the European Union (EU) or others for policies which promote their objectives!
WHAT IS COLLECTIVE BARGAINING?
Negotiation between one or more trade unions and one or more employers or an employers' organization on the incomes and working conditions of the employees. Trade unions usually argue for a wage increase for one or more of the following reasons * inflation
* difficult to recruit qualified workers
* change in workplace, e.g new machinery
* Pay differentials need to be maintained.
* If there has been an increase in workers’ productivity, unions will argue that they get a fair share of the increase. Sometimes managers will link increases in pay to increase in productivity as a way of motivating the workers. These are called PRODUCTIVITY AGREEMENTS.
NB: INDUSTRIAL ACTION: is action taken by the trade unions to decrease or halt production. This occurs when two sides are far apart over an issue, then negotiations may breakdown.
WHY IS COLLECTIVE BARGAINING IMPORTANT FOR A BUSINESS?
Collective bargaining is a constructive forum for addressing working conditions and terms of employment and relations between employers and workers, or their respective organizations. It is often more effective and more flexible than state regulation. It can help in anticipating potential problems and can advance peaceful mechanisms for dealing with them; and finding solutions that take into account the priorities and needs of both employers and workers. Sound collective bargaining benefits both management and workers, and the peace and stability it promotes benefit society more generally. Collective bargaining can be an important governance institution – it is a means of increasing the consent of the governed by involving them in the decisions that affect them directly.
WHAT ARE THE SOURCES AND CONFLICTS IN BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS?
Ideally, in today’s competitive business environment, we want to focus our time and energy on competing in the market place. Too often though, we find people embroiled in conflicts internal to their organizations. Internal conflicts can cost time, money and productivity. In itself, conflicts are neutral. It is simply...
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