Tracing Theoretical Approaches to Crime and Social Control: from Functionalism to Postmodernism

Topics: Sociology, Criminology, Capitalism Pages: 48 (16552 words) Published: December 3, 2012
Many individuals played an important role in the production of this thesis, and I would like to take this opportunity to note my heartfelt appreciation. First, I am indebted in particular to my entire family; most importantly, Mom; every path I have taken has been to make you proud, and I hope to fulfill your dreams through my shoes. I would also like to thank my sister Michelina, Joel, Dad, Nanny, Ken & Jarret, Uncle Ian & Aunt Kari, my guardian angel Thomas, Gran & my late Grampy–without your moral support I could have never accomplished this dream. Special thanks goes to my second family, Aneta, Randall, and Ryan Prime for their perpetual support and encouragement and for offering to me, on many occasions, their commodious and peaceful family home. Next, I would like to express gratitude for my academic team of sociologists: to my peers for their support, in particular, Mike Trask, Joanni Hache, Caroline Trudel, and Alex Wilson; to my best friend Nicole Prime, your continuous friendship and educational assistance is appreciated more than words can express; to Dr. Jim Brittain for your influential insight into Karl Marx and the capitalistic social order; thank you to my second thesis supervisor, Dr. Anthony Thomson, for your unwavering patience, which afforded me a space of peace and tranquility that guided me through the thesis process; and finally, to my first thesis supervisor, Dr. Heather A. Kitchin. You were, without a doubt, the one who inspired me to write this thesis. We have come to see the many ironies that thread our lives together. I thank you for challenging me and for trusting in my academic potential. It is for your intuitive and intellectual nature that I must devote every word I have produced–not only within this thesis, but within the majority of my sociology degree–to you! Thank you, everyone!

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Dedication .......................................................................................................................... iv Acknowledgements ............................................................................................................. v Table of Content ................................................................................................................ vi Abstract ............................................................................................................................. vii CHAPTER 1 ....................................................................................................................... 1 Introduction ................................................................................................................. 1-5 Introductory information

CHAPTER 2 ....................................................................................................................... 6 FUNCTIONALISM, ANOMIE, AND STRAIN THEORY ........................................................ 6-25 Strain theory ............................................................................................................... 12 Merton‘s Anomie (strain) theory................................................................................ 13 Capitalistic culture...................................................................................................... 24 CHAPTER 3 ..................................................................................................................... 26 CAPITALISM AND MARXIST THEORY .......................................................................... 26-41 Conflict Criminology theory: Karl Marx ................................................................... 29 Critical Criminology .................................................................................................. 31 Critical Criminology: Richard Quinney ..................................................................... 33 Neo-Marxist Critical theory: The Frankfurt School.................................................. 34...


Bibliography: behavior (Deutschmann, 2007). However, as sociology emerged within the contemporary
world, these theories were occasionally adopted, sometimes revamped, or frequently
intentional or not. Brian Wyant‘s article in the Journal of Research in Crime and
Delinquency (2008) points out that most individuals lack direct experience with crime;
are associated with feelings of personal vulnerability, which can be a product of social
interaction within the public sphere of one‘s community (Wyant, 2008:43)
makes us feel reliant on the police system because something could happen. In reality, an
individual‘s chance of being a target of a crime is actually slight (Linden, 2004:106-107).
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