Toyota Production System (Reaction Paper)
Toyota Production System (TPS) was so impressive. The way they produce quality/standardized products, having a good relationship with everyone, and teamwork of Toyota team members is one of the reasons why they are very successful. Toyota is the third largest automobile manufacturer in the world in unit sales and net sales. Japan’s largest manufacturer is producing 5.5 million units worldwide. If calculated, this figure is equivalent to produce 1 unit of the car in 6 seconds. Toyota Production System created to benefit Toyota’s customers, employees, and products. TPS is an expression of Toyota Way, a philosophy containing 5 core values which are Genchi Genbutsu, Kaizen, Challenge, Teamwork and Respect. These values are practiced and shared by all Toyota team members in every level in their work and relations with others. The origin of this philosophy was first concede by Sakichi Toyoda to invented the first automatic weaving loom. Sakichi invented a loom that automatically stopped whenever it detected that a thread was broken. This stopped the process from created defective material, so, the product quality could be maintained and waste avoided. However, the true architect of TPS was Taiichi Ohno. He is considered to be the Father of the TPS, which became Lean Manufacturing in the U.S. Ohno’s principle influenced areas outside of manufacturing, and have been extended into the service arena. For example, the field of sales process engineering has shown how the concept of JIT can improve sales, marketing, and customer service processes. Ohno was also instrumental in developing the way organizations identify waste with his “7 Waste” model which have become core in many academic approaches. Ohno saw the supermarket as the model for what he was trying to accomplish in the factory. A customer in the supermarket takes the desired amount of goods off the shelf and purchases them. The stores restocks the shelf with enough new...
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