Toyota Motor

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Introduction The Toyota Motor Company Limited was established in 1937 by Kiichiro Toyoda. Kiichiro’s father was Sakichi Toyoda who established the Toyoda Automatic Loom Works. Initial capital for development and test building first automobiles was received by selling the patent rights of one of Sakichi Toyoda’s machines to Platt brothers from United Kingdom. In the history of the Toyota Motors was only one strike in 1950. However this strike brought together the managers and labour to have principles of mutual trust and dependence. Toyota Motors have corporate philosophy where employees are unionised and both parties has good relationships. In Toyota Motor Sales U.S. uses term “associates" instead of "employees", to show respect for individuals. In the end of 1950s company managed to improve production system. Also by Taichi Ohno was established Toyota Production System (TPS), which was foundation of effective lean manufacturing process. It was based on three principles. First principle is based on Jidoka principle which stops the system of production when the machine finds defects. Second principle is Just-in-Time tool which was supported through Kanban scheduling system. Third principle is Kaizen, it stays for continuous improvement. Model SA was first small car produced by company in 1947. In 1959 was first international experience of the company producing vehicles outside of Japan. It was produced at plant in Brazil. From this experience they followed philosophy of localising its operations to meet needs of the potential customers. As well to build up long-term relationships with the local suppliers and to fulfilment local labour. Toyota in total owns forty-five manufacturing companies in twenty-six countries including twelve plants and eleven manufacturing subsidiaries in home country. Total number of employees is enormous - 264,100 people across the world. As well company markets their product in 160 countries and beside that, it has worldwide

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