Tourism Manangement

Topics: Water resources, Water, Water management Pages: 132 (29881 words) Published: April 2, 2013
GEF Evaluation Office

UNDP Evaluation Office

Joint Evaluation of the
GEF Small Grants Programme

Country Program Case Study:
Kenya

Prepared by
Violet Matiru
Environment Liaison Centre International
Nairobi, Kenya
and
Howard Macdonald Stewart
United Nations Development Programme
New York, USA
June 2007

GEF Evaluation Office–UNDP Evaluation Office

Joint Evaluation of the GEF Small Grants Programme

Contents
Foreword ......................................................................................................................................... ii  Abbreviations ................................................................................................................................. iii  Executive Summary ....................................................................................................................... iv  1  Background ................................................................................................................................1  1.1 

Methodology..................................................................................................................1 

1.2 

Kenya: The Environmental and Socioeconomic Context..............................................1 

1.3 

Key Environmental Policies and Laws..........................................................................2 

1.4 

The GEF in Kenya .......................................................................................................10 

1.5 

History of the GEF’s SGP in Kenya............................................................................12 

1.6 

Structure and Operations of the SGP in Kenya ...........................................................12 

1.7 

SGP Portfolio in Kenya ...............................................................................................14 

2  Relevance of the SGP ..............................................................................................................20  2.1 

Alignment of the SGP with Country-Level Sustainable Development Priorities .......21 

2.2 

Alignment of the SGP with Environmental Priorities and Programs ..........................23 

2.3 

Relations of the SGP to the GEF Country Portfolio ....................................................23 

2.4 

Benefits to the GEF’s Reputation ................................................................................30 

3  Effectiveness of the SGP .........................................................................................................32  3.1 

Global Environmental Benefits ...................................................................................33 

3.2 

SGP Contribution to Local Benefits ............................................................................35 

3.3 

Contribution of the SGP to Meeting International Obligations ...................................41 

3.4 

Monitoring and Evaluation System .............................................................................46 

3.5 

SGP Governance Structure ..........................................................................................48 

4  Efficiency and Cost Effectiveness of the SGP .........................................................................52  4.1 

Efficiency of the Country Administrative Structure....................................................52 

4.2 

The SGP Compared with Other Small Grants .............................................................55 

5  Lessons and Recommendations ...............................................................................................57  5.1 

Lessons ........................................................................................................................57 

5.2 

Recommendations...

References: Akotsi, E. F. N., M. Gachanja, and J. K. Ndirangu. 2006. Changes in Forest Cover in Kenya’s Five
“Water Towers”: 2003–2005
Bennun, L. and P. Njoroge. 1999. Important Bird Areas in Kenya. Ornithology Department, National
Museums of Kenya
Chege, N., N. Murusuri, A. Correia, and P. Bapoo-Dundoo. 2006. SGP-WIO LaB Project Partnership:
Strategic Framework
Gathara, G. 1999. Aerial Survey of the Destruction of Mt. Kenya, Imenti, and Ngare Ndare Forest
Reserves: February: June 1999
GEF. 2004. Partnership for Conservation: Lessons from the “COMPACT Approach” for Co-Managing
Protected Areas and Landscapes
GEF. 2006. The Role of Local Benefits in Global Environmental Programs. Evaluation Office. Evaluation
Report No
GEF. 2007. Country Programme Strategy. SGP. Nairobi.
Hilhorst, T. and F. Muchena, eds. 2000. Nutrients on the Move: Soil Fertility Dynamics in African
Farming Systems
Imbach, A. C. and A. A. Imbach. 2006. Review of GEF Small Grants Program Documents. Final Report.
Kantai, P. 2006. Collective Action for Conservation: The Kenya Forests Working Group Story, 1995–
2000
Kenya. 1994a. Kenya Forestry Master Plan 1995–2020. Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources.
Kenya. 1994b. The Kenya National Environment Action Plan (NEAP) Report. Ministry of Environment
and Natural Resources, Nairobi.
Kenya. 2000. The Kenya National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan. National Environment
Secretariat of the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources
Kenya. 2001. Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, 2001–04. Nairobi.
Kenya. 2002a. First National Communication of Kenya to the Conference of the Parties to the United
Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
Kenya. 2002b. National Action Programme: A Framework for Combating Desertification in Kenya in the
Context of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
Kenya. 2004. Investment Programme for the Economic Recovery Strategy for Wealth and Employment
Creation 2003-2007
Kenya. 2006. National Implementation Plan for the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic
Pollutants
Kenya, 2007. Draft National Land Policy. National Land Policy Secretariat. Nairobi.
Mbaaria, J. 2007. “Reviving Nkunga, Mt. Kenya’s Ecofriendly Monster Myth.” East African, April 1–7,
2007.
National Biodiversity Unit (NBU). 1992. The Costs, Benefits, and Unmet Needs of Biological Diversity
Conservation in Kenya
National Environment Management Authority (NEMA). 2004. State of the Environment Report, Kenya.
Nganga, John K. 2006. “Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability, and Adaptation Assessment in East
Africa.” Presented at the UNFCCC African Regional Workshop on Adaptation, September 21–
23, 2006, Accra, Ghana.
Nkako, F. M., C. Lambrechts, M. Gachanja, and B. Woodley. 2006. Maasai Mau Forest Status Report
2005
Ochieng, S. 2003. Water Sector Reforms in Kenya: An Overview. Nairobi.
Planet 2025 News Network. 2007. “Energy Globe Award 2007 for Solar Energy Project in Kenya.” June
5, 2007.
Rabar, A. J., ed. 1998. Accessing Grants for Development: GEF/SGP 2nd Stakeholders’ Workshop.
Workshop Proceedings, February 3–8, 1998. UNDP and Forest Action Network (FAN), Nairobi.
Richards, D., T. Kane, M. Leon, and T. Liamzon. 1995. Report of the Independent Evaluation of the
Global Environment Facility Small Grants Programme (GEF SGP) Pilot Phase
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). 2005. Fourth Kenyan National Human Development
Report: Linking Industrialisation with Human Development
Vanleeuwe, H., B. Woodley, C. Lambrechts, and M. Gachanja. 2003. Change in the State of
Conservation of Mt
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • tourism Essay
  • Tourism Report Essay
  • Tourism Essay
  • tourism Essay
  • International Tourism Essay
  • Tourism Essay
  • Essay on Tourism
  • tourism Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free