New Orleans, also known as the Crescent City which lies along the course of the Lower Mississippi River is one of the main tourist attraction spot in America. Lying at the southern part of America, New Orleans had a deep and long history in being involved in wars where it has been conquered by the French, Spanish and lastly the American which had left diversity in culture and also heritage buildings.
Map of New Orleans: Famous tourism spots in New Orleans (USA Maps, 2012) The different cultures in New Orleans had led to multiple cultural events to take place in the city which includes dances and music festivals. It has given the opportunity for the city to rise as a tourism city. However, due to the climate of the city itself, the city is vulnerable to one of the deadliest natural disaster, the hurricanes. One of the well known disasters that hits New Orleans is the Hurricane Katrina incident in 2005. This case study aims to analyse New Orleans as a major tourism city of America and its future potential to stay as one of the top tourism industry in America. This case study will research into the effort and impacts made by the locals and tourism industry in maintaining New Orleans as a top tourism destination as well as its effect on the lives of the local population and the city itself. New Orleans Natural Environment
New Orleans is located near the mouth of the Mississippi River where building a city at that location is done intentionally but also problematic. The reason why the city was built is due to the city served traders as a shortcut from the Gulf of Mexico. The location of the city is prone to floods due to the delta of the river (Colten, 2005). The city hence becomes an important port which acts as a gatekeeper of the US economic interests and for the foreign trades. This results in a port city with a tropical climate and mostly located below the sea level. The drainage of the soil is both a need and also a major problem to the city (Campanella et al, 1999). In 1920, the US Army Corps of Engineers has been assigned to build structures to protect the city of New Orleans where floodgates and walls are built. The drainage is also improved in the city where the original swamp lands are located and the effort to keep pace with rainfall in the low areas of the city (Pierce, 2003). However due to the natural climate of the location itself, New Orleans had been a natural magnet for hurricanes with a record of 7 hurricanes since 1947 which includes Hurricane Katrina and Rita in 2005,Hurricane Ivan in 2004, Hurricane Georges in 1998,Hurricane Camille in 1969, Hurricane Betsy in 1965 and an unnamed hurricane in 1947. These hurricanes have caused significant damage in life lost and economically in terms of property cost (Mc Carragher, 2010). History of New Orleans Society
The society of New Orleans is first built up of the Chitimacha when it is founded by the French Mississippi Company led by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville and named after Philippe d’Orleans, the Duke of Orleans in the year 1718(Kendall, 1922). From when the city is founded up to 1830, most of the population consists of French-speakers. German and Irish starts to migrate to New Orleans at this period of time and their population doubled within a decade (Lewis, 2003). New Orleans was once ruled by the Spanish in the 1800’s and a number of them stayed in New Orleans permanently after the war. After the civil war in 1862, the society of New Orleans changed drastically as the whites and blacks started to run the government and the French is abolished in the city (Gitlin, 2010). The African-Americans are freed from slavery through Gens de Couleur Libre which means “free people of color” at this period of time but they are still treated racially. This had lead to a diverse cultural community in New Orleans society today with most tradition still being kept. New Orleans’ population mainly consists of African American, Creoles (French-speaking...
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