tourism

Satisfactory Essays
Topics: Tourism, Economics
The Indirect Impact of Tourism: An Economic Analysis
Executive Summary
The main purpose of this report is to show the importance and the role of the indirect economic effects of tourism on growth and GDP, employment and foreign trade.
Tourism's role in the economy is often perceived as being limited to the hospitality industry (cafes, hotels and restaurants) and outbound and inbound travel agencies and carriers, which form the leading service sector in many countries. However, the economic impact of tourism is much greater, since many inputs are needed in order to produce tourism and leisure services, spanning the whole range of farm, agrifood and industrial production, including the production of capital goods as well as construction and public works.
*Highlighting these indirect impacts of tourism is regarded as a priority by the T20 countries and the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), which has produced methodological tools such as Tourism Satellite Accounts (TSAs). Assessing the economic impacts of tourism helps to inform the conduct of stimulus policies in response to international economic and financial crises. It shows that tourism can become a driver of recovery, fostering stable and sustainable economic growth, provided that sectoral support policies are implemented taking the central role of tourism into account.
The first part looks at currently available methodological resources for measuring the indirect impacts of tourism on the economy. It highlights the central role of calculations based on Tourism Satellite Accounts and shows how multiplier-based analysis can give an overall evaluation of the economic impact of tourism, distinguishing between direct, indirect and induced effects.
The second part considers how the indirect economic impacts of tourism affect output (GDP), employment and certain sectors. It shows that tourism is an essential contributor to GDP and job creation in all the T20 countries. In particular, it illustrates the sectoral

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