NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION (THIRD DIVISION), NATIONAL ORGANIZATION OF WORKINGMEN and its members, LEONARDO T. GALANG, et al., respondents.
FACTS: Naguiat is the president and a stockholder of Clark Field Taxi, Inc. (CFT). Due to the phase-out of the US bases in the country, Clark Air Base was closed and the taxi drivers of CFTI were separated from service. The drivers filed a complaint for the payment of sep. pay due to the termination/phase-out. NLRC held Naguiat and the company solidarily liable for the payment of sep. pay.
ISSUE: WON Naguait should be held solidarily liable with CFTI. YES.
HELD: Under the Corporation Code, Naguait is liable bec: (1) he actively managed the business; (2) there was evidence that CFTI obtained reasonably adequate insurance; and (3) there was a corporate tort in this case.
Our jurisprudence is wanting to the definite scope of “corporate tort.” Essentially, “tort” consists in the violation of a right given or the omission of a duty imposed by law. Simply stated, it is a breach of legal duty.
PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, petitioner, vs.
THE COURT OF APPEALS, RITA GUECO TAPNIO, CECILIO GUECO and THE PHILIPPINE AMERICAN GENERAL INSURANCE COMPANY, INC., respondents.
Medina, Locsin, Coruña, & Sumbillo for petitioner.
Manuel Lim & Associates for private respondents.
Rita Gueco Tapnio had an export sugar quota of 1,000 piculs for the agricultural year 1956-1957. Since, she did not need it, she agreed to allow Mr. Jacobo Tuazon to use the said quotafor consideration of 2,500. Her sugar cannot be exported without sugar quota allotments.Sometimes, however a planter harvests less sugar than her quota so her excess quota is usedby her mother who pays for it. This is her arrangement with Mr. Tuazon. At the time of theagreement, she was indebted to PNB of San Fernando, Pampanga.