09 December 2014
IB: TOK: 3A
“There are only two ways in which humankind can produce knowledge: through passive observation or through active experiment.” To what extent do you agree with this statement? In the world, that we live in today, education is a very controversial topic. Children in many different countries, often under developed countries don’t receive an education, while children in highly developed countries receive an education. Yet both those children who do receive an education and those who don’t receive an education learn through active experiment. Just as most people believe that in school, children produce knowledge from passive observation, which aids in their argument of why all children should receive an education, that of the minority of people believe that human kind produces knowledge from both passive observation and active experiment. In other words, most people believe that children learn by reading a book or by being told what is true, while others believe that by reading a book or by being told what is true has a role in the child’s desire to try something new or to try to figure out a problem. Despite that widely held belief that people learn from passive observation, in this Theory of Knowledge essay, it will be shown that there is only one way in which humankind can produce knowledge and that is through active experiment. Knowledge is defined as the justification of truth based on a belief. Most beliefs come from experience. Yet experience does not always play a factor in what people believe. Religion and imagination also controls what people believe. For example, every year on one day majority of the nation celebrates the day of Christmas, which extends from the fact that a mass majority of the world believes in a religion. Christmas is the celebration of the birth of Jesus, who is the Messiah of the Christian religion. This holiday is so important in our culture that almost every store closes, almost every house is decorated with lights, and almost every road is cleared of cars; due to this holiday, many children believe in Santa Claus. Faith and imagination does play a role in what people believe because despite the fact that those children who believe in Santa and that mass majority who believes in a religion, has never seen Santa or the god(s) that they worship, they still believe. However this is not knowledge because those children who believe in Santa and that mass majority of the world who believes in a religion, cannot justify the truth of their belief because they haven’t had the experience of seeing Santa or the god(s) that they believe to be true; therefore, it is only a belief. Humans don’t produce knowledge from faith and imagination because it can be altered by another influence. For example, the Christian religion comes from a long history. The bible, which is the basis of the Christian religion, has been translated from the original text, which was originally written in Hebrew and translated to many other languages until it was translated into English, which means that a lot from the original text was lost. To point out, the King James Version of the bible excludes the book of Apocrypha. “Many claims the apocrypha should never have been included in the first place, raising doubt about its validity and believing it was not God-inspired”. In other words, people believe in the Bible and the Christian Religion, but they only believe in certain aspects of the Bible that they believe to be ‘god-inspired’, so if they choose what to be believe based off of reason but without the experience of meeting the person who wrote the book of Apocrypha then how do they know what is considered to be ‘god-inspired’? “The high and consistent degree of religious concentrations suggests that people believe their religion because that's the one they were indoctrinated into and which is consistently reinforced around them” (Cline 1). Overall faith...
Bibliography: Apocrypha Books. (n.d.). Retrieved December 19, 2014, from http://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Apocrypha-Books/
Cline, A. (n.d.). The Real Reasons People Believe in God. Retrieved December 19, 2014, from http://atheism.about.com/od/theismtheists/tp/W
Theory of Knowledge. (n.d.). Retrieved December 19, 2014, from http://www.theoryofknowledge.info/
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