England is in noth-west Europe and is in the southern part of great birtain. It is an island country and also part of the united kingdom (UK). England is the largest country in great Britain and the UK. It is sometimes , wrongly , used in reference to the whole UK, the entire island of Great Britain , or indeed the british Isles. This is not only incorrect but can cause offence to people from other parts of the UK . Nearly 84% of the population of the UK lives in England , mainly in the major cities and metropolitan areas England has not had a separate political identity since 1707 , when great Britain was established as a political entity. There is no government or parliament just for England. England is only 35km from france and is now linked by a tunnel under the English channel They south of England is mostly low-lying land , with hills and agricultural land and the north of England Is mostly covered in moorland and mountains. England is a country in the UK and occupies most of the southern two thirds of Great Britain. The total area of England is 130,410 sq km The capital , seat of government, and the largest city in UK is London. London is also the capital of England
All of Great Britain has been ruled by the UK government in London since 1707. As it names suggest , the English language , today spoken by hundreds of million people around the world , originated as the language of England, where it remains the principal tongue today. English is the official language of the UK and the first language of the vast majority of the population. Both wales and Scotland have their own languages but English is spoken in both countries more. British food has traditionally been based on beef , lamb , pork , chicken and generally served with potatoes and on other vegetable the most common and typical foods eaten in Britain include the sandwich , fish and chips , pies like the Cornish pasty , trifle and roasts dinners.