To What Extent Would The Effectiveness Of China's One-Child Policy Case Study

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Research Question: To what extent would the effectiveness of China’s anti-natal and France’s pro-natal population control policy different?

Aim: To investigate whether the population control policy of France or China is more effective

Hypothesis: Statistically China’s population control policy would be more effective in reducing fertility rate due to One-child policy a forced legislation, where France’s population control policy would be less effective in increasing fertility rate as it is based on incentives.

Pro-Natal Policy of France - Code de la famille Policy 1939

Context:
Fertility rate of France is substantially lower than the replacement level due to increasing proportion of educated women pursuing careers. Having a small population
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This indicates that the policy would be sustainable in the long run despite influence of euro-crisis.

Anti-Natal Policy of China - One-Child Policy 1980

Context:
China’s One-Child Policy was created after Chairman Mao launched a campaign that encourage families to have more children, resulting the total fertility rate in 1950s being above 6. However the Total Fertility Rate briefly dropped in the late 1950s and early 1960s, due to Map’s failed economic-planning of the Great Leap forward. This raised government concern and many felt that increase in population would only impede economic growth and believed that forcibly restricting population growth would lead to greater economic prosperity.

Policy: China’s One-Child Policy was formally instituted 30 years ago on September 25, 1980 by the regime as a method of controlling the population, which mandate couples to only be able to have one child through penalty of fines that could be up to several times of the person’s annual salary and It was intended to keep China's population to 1.2 billion in the year
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Conclusion:
To conclude, the result supports the hypothesis that statistically China population control policy would be relatively more effective than France’s pro-natal population control policy as China’s fertility rate had drop dramatically soon since the One-Child Policy had been established and had even achieved the goal of dropping below the replacement level of 2.1 fertility rate within less than 20 years, where France had took a much longer time before the policy start having an effect and was unable to reach the goal of surpassing the replacement level despite it had already been 76 years.

Evaluation: Effectiveness of each

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