To what extent was tradition in English Christianity restored in the 19th century?

Topics: Catholic Church, Protestantism, Protestant Reformation Pages: 5 (1526 words) Published: November 15, 2013
Essay Plan
To what extent was tradition in English Christianity restored in the 19th century? IntroductionWhat is considered tradition and what is considered dissent Changes during the reformation
Churches and Christianity after reformation
Anglicans / Methodists/ Roman Catholics

Main body - Dissent from tradition
Industrial revolution - Population migrate to cities
Lack of churches in cities
Modern skylines – chimneys not spires
Community centre move away from churches
More secular communities
Tradition reinstatement
Catholic emancipation act 1829 - Erosion of divine right of kings
Catholicism restored
Oxford movementReinstatement of Catholic Tradition
Branches of same church
Churches too plain
1850 Pope Pius (Which one)Restored bishops
Second spring sermon
Church buildings act 1818
Return to Gothic architecturePugin
Comparison of traditional and modern
Reinstatement of grandeur

Conclusion – Renewal of traditions from before Reformation
Parliament acts
New Church buildings

To what extent was tradition in English Christianity restored in the 19th Century? _____________________________________________________________________________________________________

This essay will look at ways in which Christianity restored the pre -reformation traditions ( the mainly Catholic traditions of worship), and the ways in which this affected the development of Christianity during the 19th Century in England. During the British reformation of the 16th century the Christian Church underwent tremendous changes and upheavals as King Henry VIII detached from the Catholic Church and created the Protestant Church of England. He moved England away from the traditional Catholic practices and made radical changes, the most important of which was allowing the Bible to be printed and preached in English. This meant that the common man was not longer dependent upon the priests to interpret the word of God for him and so removed priest’s absolute authority within the communities. The richly adorned Churches were stripped of their wealth as a belief that faith rather than idolatry would earn the individual the grace of God. The Paying of Indulgences for prayers to be said for the dead to enable their release from purgatory, the partaking in rituals to be closer to God and the Catholic paraphernalia and showmanship were all done away with, leading to a much plainer simpler church where the focus was on the preacher and the word of Christ. After Henry’s death the Church in England swayed between a return to Catholic tradition and dissent away from it, Queen Elizabeth the 1st finally brought about stability, in 1558, with the passing of acts re-instating her as the head of the Church of England and defining a middle ground for the Anglicans, between the Puritan and Catholic traditions. There were many conflicts between the Catholics and the Protestants of England during the subsequent years as new Royals, of differing religious convictions, came to power, but it wasn't until the Industrial revolution of the 1800's that the dominance of Religion in everyday life started to become eroded. The industrial revolution led to mass migrations from countryside to new expanding towns and cities where labourers could earn more money. However whereas the church was the centre of the community in villages and affected every aspect of daily life, a lack of churches in the cities led to the population dissenting away from the Church of England as there were fewer places of worship. Communities became more secular and less governed by the Church of England allowing other Christian denominations, such as the Methodists and the Roman Catholics, to increase their numbers of worshipers. In 1829 the Catholic Emancipation act allowed Catholics the same rights as Protestants. It removed the...

Bibliography: The Victorian web (1996)" John Henry Newman: A Brief Biography", Ellison R.H 1996 available from (accessed 16/01/13)
 J. C. D. Clark, English Society 1688–1832: Ideology, Social Structure and Political Practice during the Ancient Regime (Cambridge University Press, 1985), pp 90, 409
Pugin A.W.N (2003(1841)) "Contrasts: or, a parallel between the Nobel Edifices of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries and Similar Buildings of the Present Day: Shrewing the Present Decay of Taste" (2nd Edition; 1st edition 1836)(intro T. Brittain-Catlin) Reading, Spire Books.
Wolffe J(2008) "Tradition and Dissent in English Christianity" in Price. C. (ed)"Tradition and Dissent" (AA100 BOOK 2), Milton Keynes, The Open University, p 71-106
Richardson . C. McKellar. E & Woods. K.(2008) "Pugin and the revival of Gothic Tradition" in Price. C. (ed)"Tradition and Dissent" (AA100 BOOK 2), Milton Keynes, The Open University, p 107-148
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