To what extent was there a thaw in the cold war between 1953 and 1960?
The cold war dominated international relations throughout the world for over 35 years. It showed political and military tension between the Western and Eastern powers. Some people suggest there was a thaw (improved relations) in the cold war between 1953 and 1960 while others suggest there wasn’t.
One the one hand it could be said that there was a thaw in the cold war between 1953 and 1960. There were two main events that showed the thaw itself in 1953: the death of Stalin and the end of the Korean war. The death of Stalin was a possible reason for a thaw. People suggested that the changes in leadership were an important reason for the thaw. Less suspicious Soviet personalities as for example Nikita Khrushchev and Prime Minister Malenkov ascended. Also, the same happened in the USA with the end of Truman’s presidency and the election of Eisenhower. This was important because the cold war had been extremely tense when Stalin was the leader of the USSR and Truman the president of the USA. In 1954 the US senator McCarthy was discredited. He was extremely anti-communist and during he speeches he accused people living in the USA of being communist spies even though he had no evidence for this. Because of this he created a hysterical anticommunist feeling in the USA and made it difficult for presidents to make a balance in the country. In 1954 he was discredited, he was shown being a liar. This helped a lot in balancing the atmosphere of the country, and soon afterwards president Eisenhower announced that the American people wanted to be more friendly with the Soviet people. The thaw showed itself in many different ways. In 1955 the Russians made concessions. They agreed to give up their military bases in Finland. They also lifted their veto on the admission of 16 new member states to the United Nations. When Khrushchev paid a visit to Tito the quarrel with Yugoslavia was healed. Also the...
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