To What Extent Does the Uk Constitution Still Uphold Its Fundamental Principles?

Topics: United Kingdom, Prime minister, Law, Sovereignty, Constitutional monarchy, Separation of powers / Pages: 6 (1277 words) / Published: Mar 27th, 2013
The UK has an un-codified, unitary and flexible constitution. It is codified because our rules and laws are in diffuse and varied sources as oppose to one single authoritative document. It is unitary because a central government controls policy for the whole country on the constituencies and constituent’s behalf and it is flexible because the constitution can be easily changed/altered by passing or abolishing laws. Un-codified constitutions are un-authoritative, not entrenched so easy to change and it is not judiciable because there is no written document in which judges can rule. In the UK, we do not have a written document to outline our constitution; instead we have a set of core principles to follow in many different sources that have the same status as each other. In this essay I will be discussing the core principles that we follow as part of our un-codified system. These are; parliamentary sovereignty, rule of law, parliamentary government and constitutional monarchy in order to assess how far the UK still upholds its fundamental principles.
In the UK parliament has supreme power and so has the ability to shape or reshape the constitution itself, parliament can make, unmake and remove any law it wishes. This means that we have parliamentary sovereignty. But, this principle is now at odds with the UK’s membership in the E.U. The European Union has supranational powers meaning it has the ability to make a country’s decisions for it. This means that parliament do not in fact have supreme power over how our country is run, the EU do. Another problem similar to this is how devolution has resulted in a quasi-federalist state as the parliament do not challenge decisions made by devolved bodies as England have very little say in Scottish, Welsh and Northern Irish affairs now the powers have been separated. For example this is a problem outlined in the ‘West-Lothian’ or ‘English’ question where the question arises “how is it fair that Scotland can vote and pass

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