To What Extent Did Nationalism Threaten Peace in Europe from 1870 to 1914 ?

Topics: Ottoman Empire, World War I, World War II Pages: 3 (789 words) Published: December 27, 2010
To what extent did nationalism threaten peace in Europe from 1870 to 1914 ?

From 1870, two big powers, Italy and Germany, were established after their unifications. At the same time, it aroused nationalism in Europe. So, it did a large extent of nationalism threatening peace in Europe until 1914, because they tried to gain national glory.

Nationalism is the movement for national unity, independence and advancement. Nationalists tried to gain national glory and to unify with the people in same race.

There is few doubts to say that nationalistic movements did bring unrests and conflicts among European powers. There were many nationalistic movements in the period of 1870-1914, including the Pan-German movements, Pan-Slavs movement, Greater Serbian movement, the revenge by France and the Young Turks movement. These all intensified the conflicts among the powers and suspicions rose gradually. What kind of nationalism were these so called movements based on?

First, the Pan-German Movement did bring to the deterioration of the relations between Germany and Russia, which advocated the Pan-Slavs Movement. The Germans tried to unify with the German-speaking in the Balkans, which would bring national glory as well. Their conflicts deepened the roots of hostility. They were the two mainly rival powers leading to and in the First World War in 1914.Rather brief. Give examples.

Besides, the Pan-Slav movement and the Greater Serbia movement brought unrest in the Eastern Europe and intensified the conflicts between Russian-Serbia and Austria-Hungary too. Explain why they were rivals in the area. These two movements were to enlarge Serbia with Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Montenegro, and to unify all Slavs under the leadership of Russia. The Treaty of San Stefano and Congress of Berlin in 1878 made the situation worse as the Russian gains were limited by other powers, led by Germany and Austria-Hungary. These two treaties were made as the Second...
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