As the question suggests, there is no universal definition of ‘criminal justice’ exists. Different models are essentially different perspectives provided to assess criminal justice in terms of some general characteristics and principles. Understanding this, I will first look at what ‘justice’ is through the due process lens. Herbert Packer derived this model from the ideas inherent in rule of law which stresses the importance of formal structure of law and procedure safeguards (Packer, 1968: 2).
Three main values can be gleaned from the due process model. The first and arguably the most
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