Scottsboro Incident Summaries
In 1931, nine black boys were arrested because they got into a fight with a group of whites and threw them overboard. The local sheriff had the boys arrested, and also two white girls that were on the train. The two girls were scared that they were going to be blamed for vagrancy, so they said that they were raped by the nine Negros on the train. In no time, the blacks were set to jail and were put on trial. The two girls came up with a bunch of lies about being raped, but the physician found out that they had sexual intercourse a long time before they were on the train. The Scottsboro Boys had no chance of winning; they were quickly given death sentences. But a few months later, even when one of the “raped” women said that the charge was a hoax, they were still held in jail. Finally in 1940’s the charges were dropped and the 9 boys were freed.
Victoria Price and Ruby Bates were the two known women who were found on the train and claimed that they were raped. Whatever they said in court, was contradicted by Dr. R. R. Bridges and Dr. Marvin Lynch. Both the doctors thought that the women were lying and that they were not raped by the nine black boys on the train. The doctors said that the women possibly could not have been raped six times and been beaten, for the examination showed nothing of that. Even the reporters who were investigating the case uncovered that the probability that the two women were prostitutes were high.
Murder of Emmett Till
In August 1955, a boy by the name of Emmett Till broke the Jim Crow laws unsuspectingly, when he whistled at a white lady. He was taken out of his house, beaten, and then shot through the head by two white people. The two men were sent to jail, but quickly dismissed by an all-white jury. They then sold their story to a reporter. The news got out to most of America, and Till’s death sparked the African American civil rights movement.
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