Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. And this day, I would like to share to the reader, on what are the themes that surrounds in the novel “To Kill a Mockingbird”, which was made by the popular writer Nelle Harper Lee. So let’s get started and put all your attention in my essay. The first start of the theme is the Coexistence of Good and Evil, The most important theme of “To Kill a Mockingbird” is the book’s exploration of the moral of human beings, whether people are essentially good or essentially evil. The novel approaches this question by dramatizing Scout and Jem’s change from a perspective of adult innocence, in which they assume that people are good because they have never seen evil, to a more adult perspective. One of the book’s important subthemes involves the threat that hatred, prejudice, and ignorance pose to the innocent: people like Tom Robinson and Boo Radley are not prepared for the evil that they encounter, as a result, they are destroyed. Even Jem is victimized to a range by his discovery of the evil of racism during and after the trial. Whereas Scout is able to maintain her basic faith in human nature despite Tom’s conviction, Jem’s faith in justice and in humanity is badly damaged, and he retreats into a state of disillusionment. The moral voice of To Kill a Mockingbird is personified by Atticus Finch, who is virtually unique in the novel in that he has experienced and understood evil without losing his faith in the human capacity for goodness. Atticus understands that, rather than being simply creatures of good or creatures of evil, most people have both good and bad qualities. The important thing is to appreciate the good qualities and understand the bad qualities by treating others with sympathy and trying to see life from their perspective. The Importance of Moral Education has an importance in this novel, because exploration of the novel’s larger moral questions takes place within the perspective of children, the education of children is necessarily involved in the development of all of the novel’s themes. In a sense, the plot of the story charts Scout’s moral education, and the theme of how children are educated—how they are taught to move from innocence to adulthood—recurs throughout the novel (at the end of the book, Scout even says that she has learned practically everything except algebra). This theme is explored most powerfully through the relationship between Atticus and his children, as he devotes himself to instilling a social conscience in Jem and Scout. As is true of To Kill a Mockingbird’s other moral themes, the novel’s conclusion about education is that the most important lessons are those of consideration and understanding, and that a sympathetic, understanding approach is the best way to teach these lessons. In this way, Atticus’s ability to put himself in his children’s shoes makes him an excellent teacher; while Miss Caroline’s rigid commitment to the educational techniques that she learned in college makes her ineffective and even dangerous.
Mockingbirds, the title of To Kill a Mockingbird has very little literal connection to the plot, but it carries a great deal of symbolic weight in the book. In this story of innocents destroyed by evil, the “mockingbird” comes to represent the idea of innocence. Thus, to kill a mockingbird is to destroy innocence. Throughout the book, a number of characters (Jem, Tom Robinson, Dill, Boo Radley, Mr. Raymond) can be identified as mockingbirds—innocents who have been injured or destroyed through contact with evil. This connection between the novel’s title and its main theme is made explicit several times in the novel: after Tom Robinson is shot, Mr. Underwood compares his death to “the senseless slaughter of songbirds,” and at the end of the book Scout thinks that hurting Boo Radley would be like “shootin’ a mockingbird.” Most important, Miss Maudie explains to Scout: “Mockingbirds don’t do one thing but . . . sing their hearts out for us. That’s why it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.” That Jem and Scout’s last name is Finch (another type of small bird) indicates that they are particularly vulnerable in the racist world of Maycomb, which often treats the fragile innocence of childhood harshly. Boo Radley, is one of the center in this novel why? Because the children’s are changing attitude toward Boo Radley, it is an important measurement of their development from innocence toward a adult moral perspective. At the beginning of the book, Boo is merely a source of childhood superstition. As he leaves Jem and Scout presents and fixes Jem’s pants, he gradually become increasingly and fascinatingly real to them. At the end of the novel, he becomes fully human to Scout, illustrating that she has developed into a sympathetic and understanding individual. Boo, an intelligent child ruined by a cruel father, is one of the book’s most important mockingbirds; he is also an important symbol of the good that exists within people. Despite the pain that Boo has suffered, the purity of his heart rules his interaction with the children. In saving Jem and Scout from Bob Ewell, Boo proves the ultimate symbol of good. To Kill a Mockingbird is an evil that destroyed one personality. Everyone needs to know what is evil and how it comes in to a person. Everyone needs to know how God make good to all his children. You will become good by trusting yourself that you are a good person. All of us know how to become bad or good. But can we just stay in to the right hand, the good? It is your choice, no matter how bad you are, you have a good heart that listens to everybody.