Jem, Scout, and Dill use their innocence to take a fresh look at the world of Maycomb and criticize its flaws with their maturing opinions. Scout attends school for the first time, but her school is depicted as strict and unreasonable. Scout’s school is idiotic with teachers who criticize students with an early start on reading and hate the Nazis but can't see the racism that goes on in their own town. To Kill a Mockingbird emphasizes policies designed to create conformist children rather than letting the children be childish and imaginative.
Throughout the novel, Jem and Scout learn lessons that change their point of view and cause them to mature. Their views of good and evil are basic at the beginning of the novel and are based on what they've been allowed to be a part of. As the story progresses their views change because they are shown the hatred violence and prejudice in their town. Jem, Scout, and Dill experience the adult side of Macomb and it changes their entire outlook on life. They comprehend prejudice and violence more and understand what causes it and why it