Derozio’s poetic vocation was very brief stretching forth only for about six years. Derozio, who held great promise as poet, regrettably, died untimely at the age of 23 when he was still at his bloom. He is modern India’s first poet to express his patriotism in poetry, the first to verbalise in verse the desire of the Indians for Freedom. Derozio’s poems demonstrate his eager desire to inspire the young Indians to struggle and strive for India’s independence from the clutches of the British imperialism. To India My Native Land is a typical Deroozian poem in its theme and style. The poem laments the degradation and devaluation of India because of her slavery to the British and seeks to regain India’s lost glory and reverence. The poem begins with a grief-stricken utterance My country! that reverberates throughout the poem. The poet, with a heart brimming with sorrow, grieves over the lamentable and nightmare scenario of present India. India is trodden under the British feet. * My country!
The profound patriotic fervor of the poet finds expression in this passionate address. º Here, the poet uses the figure of speech - Apostrophe. Apostrophe is rhetorical device that addresses things which are personified; absent people or abstract ideas. Apostrophe is often used to convey extreme emotion. These are examples of Apostrophe from Shakespeare:
"O happy dagger! This is thy sheath; there rust, and let me die." Romeo and Juliet “O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth….” Julius Caesar
Derozio personifies India as a Divine Goddess. India is considered as a female figure since we always relate to our country as mother and in India we refer to our country as Bharat Mata (or Mother India). * in thy days of glory past: in the past when India was full of glory In the past, India had a rich cultural, spiritual and literary attribute: she was full of glory and was admired and reverred all over the world. India was regarded highly by all but now, because of her...
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