Topics: Childhood, Family, John Bowlby, Attachment theory, Mind, Child / Pages: 3 (1047 words) / Published: Mar 12th, 2016
TMA 02
Part 1
Explain how relationships can develop.

I have chosen ‘Theory of mind’ in Unit 1 Psychology and ‘Attachments within the family’ in Unit 5 Childhood to help me to illustrate the diverse and complex ways we can develop relationships in our lifetime.

In early childhood we are thought to be very egocentric in that we are unable to see things from another’s point of view. The theory of mind is thought to be how most humans understand that other people have different thoughts, feelings and desires than ourselves. This is first developed in childhood, as their social exposure to other children increases and cognitive abilities mature they are able to become aware of other peoples perspectives and the fact that they may differ from our own. Noted psychologists Wimmer and Perner (1983) used a classic psychology experiment which involves introducing a child to two dolls named Sally and Anne. They are shown a cartoon strip of Sally with her basket and Anne with her box. Sally puts her marble in a basket and leaves the room, Anne then moves the marble from the basket to her box whilst Sally is out of the room. The child is then asked that when Sally re-enters the room where she would look for her marble, a younger child would expect Sally to look in the box as this is where they know Anne put it, however an older child would understand that from Sally’s perspective she would expect the marble to still be in the basket as that is where she left it. This acceptance of other peoples perspectives is integral to the theory of mind, as before developing an understanding of this children can be incredible difficult to manage, they will insist that their view of the world is the only one. As they begin to understand that people can have differing views and perspectives from their own they can become better and more cooperative within differing situations, this ability to observe a situation from another’s viewpoint will help to develop the confidence to ‘pretend play’

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