English 10 CP
12 December 2013
Title IX: Good or Bad?
As one author states, “On a per — athlete basis, colleges spent an average of $2,983, $1,199 and $770 per female athlete in division I, II, and III, Respectively, compared to the $3,786, $1,445 and $745 spent on male athletes “(The Women’s sports foundation 115-116). This shows that more money goes into male sports very year than female sports at any level, that is until Title IX was established. What is Title IX? Title IX states that No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance... (Centor)As the Women’s Sports Foundation points out, “Before Title IX, female college athletes received only 2 percent of overall athletic budgets. Athletic scholarships for women were effectively nonexistent” (115). Before Title IX was established women’s sports were lacking greatly; afterward, they started to flourish. As the Women’s Sports Foundation explains, “ By 2001, nearly 2.8 million girls participated in athletics, representing 41.5 percent of varsity athletes in American high schools- more than 847 percent increase from 1971” (115). Even though girls’ participation has advanced so well, in the last ten years, men’s participation in college and high school sports have grown at a higher rate (Brown). Although Title IX may be hurting men’s sports, it has made so many advancements to women’s sports that it would not be sensible to remove it.
Playing sports has many good effects on young women in high school. As stated by the Women’s Sports Foundation, “High School girls who play sports are less likely to be involved in an unintended pregnancy; more likely to get better grades in school and more likely to graduate than girls who do not play sports.” Playing sports as a child also has good effects on overall health later in life: Forty percent of women over the age of 50 suffer from osteoporosis (brittle bones). (Osteoporosis, 1996). None of us should want our daughters to repeat the experiences of generations of women — our mothers and grandmothers — who were not permitted to play sports or encouraged to participate in weight bearing exercises that are necessary to establishing bone mass. (The Women’s Sports Foundation) Playing sports is very good for the health of young girls and also the image they have of themselves. Girls who play sports have both more confidence and self-esteem than girls who do not play and they also have a lower risk of developing depression (The Women’s Sports Foundation). Playing sports has many good effects on women’s health and without Title IX there would not be many opportunities for women to excel at sports and take their efforts to the next level.
Playing sports also helps when it comes to getting a job because playing sports helps to develop a sense of teamwork and even a sense of right and wrong. The Women’s Sports foundation in an article named Why Sports for Girls and Women: The Foundation Position has an understanding that, “Sport is where boys have traditionally learned about teamwork, goal-setting, the pursuit of excellence in performance and other achievement-oriented behaviors—critical skills necessary for success in the workplace.” If girls do not have the chance to play sports as boys do, then they will not develop the skills needed to get a job. In the workplace it is necessary to be confident in the job that is being performed, and sports help to build confidence. The Women’s Sports Foundation remarks that, “Employees who are skilled at practicing the illusion of confidence—calmness under pressure, acting sure of self and abilities, etc.—get to play the most important positions and are more likely to be starters.” Without sports it is hard to really grasp the concept of being confident in the work being...
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