Time Management

Topics: Big Five personality traits, Stephen Covey, The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People Pages: 10 (1681 words) Published: March 18, 2015

Time Management
Improving value and effectiveness within an organization

I hereby declare that this essay is my own work and that, to the best of my knowledge and belief, it reproduces no material previously published or written nor material which has been accepted for the award of any other degree or diploma, except where due acknowledgement has been made in the text.

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Table of Contents
Introduction3
Problem Identification3
Five-Factor Model of Personality3
Time Management Personality Types4
Theories5
Time Use Efficiency and the Five-Factor Model of Personality5 The effect of time-management training on employee attitude and behavior: A field experiment6 Analysis7
Conclusion8
Bibliography9

Introduction

Time management is a very important characteristic in management studies. I choose this as my topic of discussion to gain a more in-depth understanding of its role within the work place, as it is viewed as one of the fundamental factors in the success or failure of an organization. As time management aims to improve efficiency, I intend to review the theory on time use efficiency and the five-factor model of personality presented by William E. Kelly and Judith Johnson and the experiment by Christopher Orpen on the various effects of time management training on employees and personality types demonstrated by the five-factor model. Problem Identification

Time management is a practiced skill, which is learned and maintained through use. The problem that arises is that time use efficiency practices can be applied to all individuals, but the results produced are dependent on personality types. Five-Factor Model of Personality

The core personality types that are demonstrated through the Five-Factor model of personality are noted by Cherry are as follows: 1. Openness to experience (imagination and insight, curiosity, and intellectualism), 2. Conscientiousness (high levels of thoughtfulness, impulse control, planning, and organization), 3. Extraversion (sociable, outgoing and high amounts of emotional expressiveness), 4. Agreeableness (trust, altruism, empathy and prosocial behaviours), and 5. Neuroticism (psychological maladjustment and more experiences of unpleasant emotions such as anxiety, moodiness, irritability, and sadness). Time Management Personality Types

Behaviors stem from both underlying personality traits as well as situational variables; Individual characteristics of personalities vary and can show a variety of personality traits (Cherry). Keeping the above personality traits in mind, time management personalities have also become evident in the work force. The time management personalities, which have evolved over time, can be divided into six types as noted by Vennapoosa (2006):

1. “Fire Controller” – Everything is viewed as an emergency and will fail to dedicate the enough time and energy to important tasks. Work tends to pile up as they try to navigate through the emergencies, which present themselves, which may cause important tasks to de disregarded. 2. “Too Much” – Takes on more work than are able to handle and have a hard time saying “no”; This in turn creates a strenuous workload which provides little time to focus on any one thing. 3. “Laid Back” – Often procrastinating and misjudge the importance of tasks. Delayed in responsiveness and hard to communicate with. 4. “Chatter Box” – Highly social, wastes time talking and distract others from important tasks. 5. “Perfectionist” – Thrive on being perfect, occasionally spend too much time trying to perfect tasks that they miss deadlines. 6. “The General” – A leader in time management, limit amount of time socializing, use time wisely for appropriate tasks.

“The General” is the ideal time management work personality as it incorporates all of the negative personality types but in moderation. The possibility that all...

Bibliography: Cherry, K. (n.d.). What Are the Five Major Personality Traits? Retrieved February 8, 2015, from http://psychology.about.com/od/personalitydevelopment/a/bigfive.htm
Covey, S
Jackson, V. (2009). Time Management: A Realistic Approach. Journal of the American College of Radiology, 6(6), 434-436. Retrieved February 6, 2015, from http://www.jacr.org/article/S1546-1440(08)00581-4/fulltext
Jaffe, E
Jones, M. (n.d.). A Reference Guide to Time Management Skills. Retrieved February 8, 2015, from http://www.cornerstoneondemand.com/reference-guide-time-management-skills
Kelly, W
Simmering, M. (n.d.). Time Management. Retrieved February 5, 2015, from http://www.referenceforbusiness.com/management/Str-Ti/Time-Management.html
Vennapoosa, C
Ward, S. (n.d.). Time Management Personality Types. Retrieved February 4, 2015, from http://sbinfocanada.about.com/cs/timemanagement/a/timetypes.htm
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