Analyse the representations (1,2 and 3E) and choose the one which you think is the best representations of how effective peaceful protest was in securing civil rights in the USA
Representation 2 is the best representation in showing how effective peaceful protest was because it has the best accuracy since it’s a history book, for example “In 1961, 26 year old African-American teacher” this is an accurate report, moreover the source has good comprehensiveness and covers most of the events of the civil rights in the USA. However, Representation 1,2 and 3E all represent how effective peaceful protest was in securing civil rights in the USA. All the representations are judged on accuracy, which is compared to my own knowledge of factual events, the objectivity which is how balanced the source is including its purpose and comprehensives, which is how complete the source is as well as mentioning most of the main aspects of the civil rights movement and how effective peaceful protest was. Representation 3E is not complete since it only mentions the march on Selma and has cut most of the civil right movement which is not mentioned. No mention of the voting rights act which was a direct result of the Selma march. This source does not explain the split in civil rights movement and that many condemned the march including the SNCC which left “a string of embittered cities” and tensions in towns that it has passed. Rep 3E is very subjective with little objectivity since it’s a photo it significantly dramatizes the event using the angle of the shot which is below them and shows the protestors as high and respectful. The photo showed the march formed a never ending line which is providential. The language that the source uses “heroes of the era” praises the march and has no negativity about the source. Moreover, Representation 3E since it mentions “Photographs are the best way – often the only way – for us to try and understand how they overcame that inequality” this is untrue since we know that the role of television in publicizing civil rights movement outshone the photographs and newspapers that were around during the civil rights movement, for example Martin Luther King’s “I have a dream” speech which had a greater effect since it was broadcasted and recorded on TV footage, this had a bigger effect and would not have had the same effect as a newspaper or a photo article, moreover another example is of TV being superior than photographs is the Little Rock High in September 1957 where TV captured the racist comments and the negative attitudes directed at Elizabeth Eckford and this helped to spread publicity and further the civil rights movement. However the source does have some valid accuracy, such as “fundamental truth that America was not an equal society” this is correct since black salary would be on average half of a white salary and therefore Representation 3E is accurate in some aspects but not totally accurate. Representation 1 has limited completeness and does not discuss the most important legislation in civil rights movement such as the civil rights act and the voting rights act which actually changed civil rights. Furthermore, no reference made to the important of publicity such as at the March on Birmingham and the March on Washington and these key events changed the public opinions and helped push the act in 1964. Although the source mentions Montgomery sit-ins the only precise information from that is “a group of African-American students sit down at a segregated lunch counter in Woolworth store in Greensboro” it does not mention other sit-ins specifically and the source describes the event rather than the impact of how effective they were. Representation 1 is seen as objective since it states SLCL (Southern Christian Leadership Committee) were not responsible in the “struggle to free the south” this demonstrates that King who was the leader of the peaceful protest was not involved in everything. The language in...
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