Three Reconstruction Plans

Topics: American Civil War, Abraham Lincoln, Confederate States of America Pages: 2 (612 words) Published: August 28, 2013
Amber Laymon
Free Response Essay
Between 163 and 1865 there were three Reconstruction plans that were suggested for the south. After the Civil War ended and the south succeeded from the Union, Abraham Lincoln said they never legally withdrew from the Union. The three plans were an effort to reintegrate the southern states back in to the Union as simply as possible. All three made a certain percent of voters from the election of 1860 pledge to take an oath of allegiance to the United States and to abide by the emancipation, The first plan was Abraham Lincoln’s “10 percent plan.” His plan stated that any state could be reintegrated back in to the Union when 10 percent of its voters from the election of 1860 took an oath of allegiance to the United States and pledged to abide by the emancipation; this included the pardon of any Confederates who swore allegiance. Lincoln’s plan got attention of the Radical Republicans in congress who believed the plan would restore power to old planter aristocracy. The Republicans then rammed through Congress in 1864 the Wade-Davis Bill. The second plan was passed by congress in 1864, called the Wade-Davis Bill. Benjamin F. Wade and Henry Winter Davis proposed this bill in congress. The bill stated that 50 percent of a state’s voters in the election of 1860 take an oath of allegiance to the U.S. to be readmitted into the Union. Many congressional Republicans thought Lincoln’s plan was too mild, this bill was stricter and the Radicals thought it would lessen the chance of re-enslavement of the blacks. The third and last plan was Andrew Johnson’s Reconstruction Proclamation. Johnson agreed with Lincoln on most things in plan, such as it should be 10 percent of the voters. He thought the process of the south joining back in to the Union should be quick and easy, but his plan was more severe. It disenfranchised all former Military and Civil officers of the Confederacy and all those who owned property worth...
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