As a consultant land manager, whom would you regard as key stakeholders and how would you go about engaging with them to balance, or reconcile, the three pillars of sustainable development in the subject area?
Sustainable development is defined as “development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” In this essay, I will be tabulating all the three pillars of sustainable development which are; Economic growth, Social equity and environmental protection. And identifying the key stakeholders in reconciling a balance between the three pillars.
Villages will get compensation and improvement in their economic situation.
Plays a vital role as village chief and accepted by villages as their leader.
Relocate villages to higher communal land. 2.Chief (absent)
Economic situation will not change. There are no written agreements on the dam proposal.
Has full legal recognition as chief of the village.
Dam will cause further land degradation such as over flooding in the village and their plantation. 3. Timber Company
Economically driven by timber products.
Help in the providence of job opportunities and has negotiated a license with the former chief.
Over- cutting, soil erosion and mineral loss. 4.Entrepreneur (proposed dam)
Promised payment for the dam and improve economic situation.
Increase quality of life such as better homes, larger church and school facilities.
Flooding of the village and their plantation, new relocation at higher grounds but less space for cultivation, housing. 5.Villages
Earn their income from the timber company and their farm produce.
Agree with the proposal of new dam and relocation of their village to higher communal land.
May have to loss on their cropping if the dam were to be constructed. And alienation from their land.
6.Landowners (customary land)
Economically driven from the land lease the get from tenants on agricultural lease.
Leases are for non-members of the customary ownership group.
Land becomes less productive and loss its value. 7. Tenants
Get incomes from cash cropping and loan from financial institutions.
Are given land by the landowners and granted 30 years lease at nominal rents
Lack of attention to the land may lead to land degradation and directly consumes the product of labor
8.Entrepreneur (proposed dam)
Economically driven by the granting of the leases and operating on the land.
Villages get higher lease rentals
Affect or erodes the basis of civilization and environment. 9.Entrepreneur (mineral water company)
Economically driven by the extraction of mineral water at the bottom of the earth.
Aquifer spreading under Village A customary land not included in lease.
Produces clean mineral water below surface without affecting the natural plants and animals above the surface. 10.Tourism resort
Driven by the arrival of tourists
Provide job opportunities and revenue and investor confidence in the state.
Conservation and beautification of the environment. 11.Ministry of Lands
Economically driven by the land leases that are crowned owned and collecting and redistributing land rents.
Administering of native land and improving landlord and tenants relation.
Improve the land situation and to benefit the indigenous owners. 12.Ministry of Tourism
Economically driven by foreign investment and tourists arrivals.
Help maintain the social relation between foreign visitors and advertising their country to encourage more tourist arrivals.
Maintain eco- tourism and improve the beauty and scenery of the land. 13.Foreign government
Economically driven by giving aids.
Major aid donor to the state.
Disposing of low-grade nuclear waste. 14.Media
Economically driven by publishing their papers.
Provide the public with the latest and updated current affairs.
Reusing old newspapers (recycling) 15. NGO’s/ Greenpeace...
References: 1. Boydell, S., and Small, G., (2001), adapted from Mollison, B. (1998)
2. ESD. (2003), Brundtland Report, [Website]. Encyclopedia of Sustainable Development. Available:
http://www.doc.mmu.ac.uk/aric/eae/Sustainability/Older/Brundtland Report.html [2003, 29/06/2003]
3. Mollison, B., (1998), Permaculture: A Designer’s Manual, Tyalgum, NSW, Tagari Publications
4. Rao, M. 2004
5. Soto, H. D. (2000), The mystery of capital: why capitalism triumphs in the West and fails everywhere else: Basic Books, New York.
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