1.1) INTRODUCTION OF 3 PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR: The three phase induction motors are used in many industrial applications due to their reliability, low cost and high performance. Whereas this popular ac motor performance is affected by following type of faults.
1. ELECTRICALLY RELATED FAULTS (33%):
The faults under this classification are single phasing, over/under voltage, overload over temperature.
2. MECHANICAL RELATED FAULTS (32%):
The rotor winding failure, stator winding failure and bearing faults are most occurring mechanical faults in 3 phase induction motor.
3. ENVIRONMENTALLY RELATED FAULTS (15%):
The external moisture, contaminations and ambient temperature also affect the induction motor performance. The vibration of machine also affects the performance of induction machine under various operations.
Electrical related faults are frequently are occurring faults in 3 phase induction machine which will produce more heat on both stator and rotor winding, this leads to reduce the life time of induction machine. This study presents the behavior of three phase induction motor under the unbalanced supply voltage, single phasing and overload condition.
1.2) RISING PROBLEM …show more content…
For three phase induction motor, it is necessary that all the three phases of supply are present. While it is on load if any one of the phase goes out, or goes missing, the motor will continue to run with two phases only, but it will start drawing a huge current for the same load. This high current may run the motor unless switched off immediately. Failure of any of the phases makes the equipment prone to erratic functioning and may even lead to failure. Hence it is of paramount importance to monitor the availability of the three-phase supply and switch off the equipment in the event of failure of one or two