Three Branches of the U.S. Federal Government

Satisfactory Essays
Barbara Cherry
Phase 1 IP
CJUS290-1402A-01
Prof. Christine Lee
04/14/2014

Describe the 3 branches of the U.S. federal government.

1. Explain the role of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
The role of the Legislative Branch is that they are the only branch that can create new laws. They have an enormous amount of power. Elections are held every two years for the House and every six years for the Senate. The have two parts one is the House of representatives and the other is the Senate. The people elect them. (Pg 9)Makes the laws
The role of the Executive branch is invested in the President of the United States and also acts head of state and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. They are made up of a Cabinet and Federal agencies. Their responsibility is the day-to-day enforcement and administration of federal laws. They are elected by the people. (Pg 9) Enforces the laws
The role of the Judicial Branch is to make sure that everyone in the US are following the rules and have the right to a fair trial. The right to a fair and jury trial, counsel and freedom from cruel and unusual punishment is given in the constitution. (Pg 9) Interprets the laws
1. Why are there three branches of government? Explain.
This was created for the purpose of checks and balances. The separate branches have the power to check on the other that way one branch is not more powerful than the other (Patterson 2008).
2. What is the purpose of the concept separation of powers? Explain.
Described as the principle of separated institutions sharing the power by Richard Neustadt, therefore the government in the U. S. government, they use the principals outlined by philosophers, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. Hobbes came up with the idea of social contact. Locke added later that all individuals were entitled to his or her inalienable rights to guard absolute rights.

3. What is Federalism? Explain.
Federalism is the political system in which several states or

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