In 1540, Europe was under its reformation because new religious ideas were uprising in the public toward the Catholic Church, like Protestantism, Calvinism, and Lutheranism. This reformation was supposed to strengthen the Catholic Church and also keep the Protestant religion from spreading. Years later, the Protestant religion played a huge part in the Thirty Years’ War. The acceptance of the religion of Calvinism represents how religiously independent Europe was becoming.
Several states benefited greatly after this war and the Treaty of Westphalia. The settlement formally recognized the independence of the Dutch Republic and Switzerland and granted the German states the right to make treaties and alliances, thereby further weakening the authority of the Holy Roman emperor. This means that the Swiss and the Dutch were no longer catholic. It was also helpful for France, who becomes the dominant power in Europe. The Thirty Years’ War was a vast and tragic war. The death rate in Germany during this war ranged from three to seven million people. The Peace of Westphalia ended the war and signaled major changes for the relationship between religious and temporal authority. This was a significant turning point in European history because states were less focused around religious ruling. The Catholic Church was no longer the number one religion in Europe. This war showed that religion shouldn’t unify a country, especially because of all the religions that were coming about at this