Thirty Years War

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Thirty Years War The thirty year old war which began in 1618 because of deep religious divide that was in Germany and other parts of Western Europe came to abrupt end at the Peace of Westphalia, signed in 1648. The three main reasons of war are: Protestants and Catholics rivalry within the Roman Empire, the Bourbon–Habsburg conflict for European supremacy and disputes between France and Habsburg. The thirty year war is considered as the ugliest war of Europe which had a huge human cost impacted Germany in a big way. The after effect of the long drawn war included extermination of productive German population, crops were damaged and communicable diseases swelled in the continent and German economy went down under.
This paper will argue that although the thirty years war was a national tragedy, grounds for which were prepared by the German Princes, it is untrue to call it a “all-destructive war”. This paper is divided into three parts: First will explain the motives that begun the war and what was to be accomplished. Second, the different phases and the time periods that they occurred will be explored along with the role of most prominent figures and influences they had on the final result. Third, how Germany was affected during the war and effect there after including fall in population, economic decline and an overall weakening of empire will be given, followed by a conclusion. ``Thirty year war began as a religious war. However to call the thirty years war a religious war is an untruth of sorts in an era when temporal and religious matters were intertwined. Protestants and Catholics were at the center of the war which is divided into four phases: First, Emperor Ferdinand II of Bohemia and Hungary who was a devout catholic took it upon himself “to revive and reimpose the true faith’’ beginning the thirty year old war in Prague. It spread to other parts of the Europe including France, Sweden and other countries. Second, in 1629, The Edict of Restitution was a



References: François Dupuigrenet, D (2011).The Thirty Years War: Europe 's Tragedy., Vol. 80 Issue 4, p929-932, 4p Henry, S.(Sep 2010. The Politics of Bohemia and the Thirty Years ' War on the Spanish Baroque Stage.,Vol. 87 Issue 6, p723-778, 56p Nelson, O., M .(2002). Thirty Years’ War. Publisher: World Almanac Education Group, Inc Ian,K.(2005).Europe’s Second Thirty Years War.History Today; Sep2005, Vol. 55 Issue 9, p10-17, 8p, Randall,H (20110).War, Suffering and Modern German History., Vol. 29 Issue 3, p365-379, 15p Wilson, P., H.(2009). History Today, Vol. 59 Issue 8, p12-19, 8p

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