thesis

Topics: IP address, Internet, Internet Protocol Pages: 1 (359 words) Published: September 23, 2014
Address  (drs) Computer Science
a. A name or number used in information storage or retrieval that is assigned to a specific memory location. b. The memory location identified by this name or number.
c. A name or a sequence of characters that designates an e-mail account or a specific site on the Internet or other network.

An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label assigned to each device (e.g., computer, printer) participating in a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication.[1] An IP address serves two principal functions: host or network interface identification and location addressing. Its role has been characterized as follows: "A name indicates what we seek. An address indicates where it is. A route indicates how to get there."[2] The designers of the Internet Protocol defined an IP address as a 32-bit number[1] and this system, known as Internet Protocol Version 4 (IPv4), is still in use today. However, due to the enormous growth of the Internet and the predicted depletion of available addresses, a new version of IP (IPv6), using 128 bits for the address, was developed in 1995.[3] IPv6 was standardized as RFC 2460in 1998,[4] and its deployment has been ongoing since the mid-2000s. IP addresses are binary numbers, but they are usually stored in text files and displayed in human-readable notations, such as 172.16.254.1 (for IPv4), and 2001:db8:0:1234:0:567:8:1 (for IPv6). The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) manages the IP address space allocations globally and delegates five regional Internet registries (RIRs) to allocate IP address blocks to local Internet registries (Internet service providers) and other entities.

Definition: An Internet address is a series of unique numbers that identifies a computer connected to the Internet. Every computer that gets online has an Internet address. An Internet address can also be defined as the name, or unique address on the Web, of every Web site. An Internet...
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