The construction sector represents a strategically important sector in the world, providing building and infrastructure on which all sectors of the economy depend. On the other hand it is also a dangerous or a hazardous place because of the high incidence of accidents that can happen on the construction sites. These hazards include injuries to workers through falling from high place, tripping over obstacles, and specially falling debris. It has two types, which are skilled workers and unskilled worker or also known as laborers. A skilled worker is any worker who has some special skill, knowledge, or (usually acquired) ability in their work. A skilled worker may have attended a college, university or technical school. Or, a skilled worker may have learned their skills on the job, example of a skilled worker is welder. Laborer is a person who does one of the construction trades, traditionally considered unskilled manual labor, as opposed to skilled labor. In the division of labor, laborers have all blasting, hand tools, power tools, air tools, and small heavy equipment, and act as assistants to other trades, example mixing cement.
Most of the laborers problems is having a small wage and being a contractual employee. The minimum wage in the national capital region is ranging to 350-450 per day, while a contractual employee is one who is hired to work for a specific period of time on an hourly basis or a contracted amount. The jobs that require unskilled labor are continually shrinking due to technological and societal advances. Jobs that previously required little or no training now require training. For example, labor that was once done manually now may be assisted by computers or other technology, requiring the worker to have technological skills. So we decided to focus on laborers, what is it like to be an unskilled construction worker.
Because few people understand what it is or why it really matters in our society. What are their SWOT or strengths, weakness, opportunities, and threats. Few people appreciate their hard work. They don’t know, if it wasn’t for them, we wouldn’t have roads to drive or pass through, bridges that can connect us to other places, home to live, schools to study in, pretty much any buildings or construction we can see or touch.
By doing this research we would be able to know whats are the strengths, weakness, opportunities, and treats of being a laborer. We can be able to help them by suggesting other alternatives like going back to school just for the meantime. Because TESDA is giving a program called TVET or (Technical Vocational Education and Training) to unfortunate people who wasn’t able to finish college or even people who are jobless. TESDA has two different students, which is scholars and regular. Scholar student doesn’t need to pay anything and there are no requirements needed may be just your id. Because the goal of this program is to help. All they have to do is go to school. They are required to go to Monday to Friday 8am to 5pm. The school and TESDA will be the one who will give the necessary equipment for the program. It will only take 1 month and 1 week to finish the program. After finish it there will be a examination. If you passed the exam TESDA will give you a eligibility certificate. That certificate can now be used to certify that you are a skilled construction worker. In that way they would have a bigger wage than before and they can get a permanent job.
In the research were making we decided to ask and evaluate 10 to 15 male laborer between the ages of 25-40. Because most laborer are males and the work needed in this kind of jobs should be physically fit. Because it requires unloading and loading construction materials, Mix and pour concrete and asphalt, Remove debris, Clean up spills and remove hazardous material, Operate jackhammers and drills to break up concrete or pavement.
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