In our society there are several forms of behavioral and social development concerns. To help people cope with these psychological concerns there are a wide range of therapies, techniques and approaches, such as psychotherapy. Psychotherapy is a systematic interaction between a therapist and someone who is suffering from mental or emotional issues, with the goal of providing support or relief to overcome their psychological disorder (Rathus, 2012). There are several therapeutic methods that can be used by therapists, but ultimately the situation and the client will dictate which one is appropriate. Psychoanalytic therapy, Humanistic therapy, Behavior therapy, Cognitive therapy, Group therapy, and Biological therapy are all effective therapeutic methods of helping clients cope with their psychological disorder.
Psychoanalytic therapies is based upon the theories and work of Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis. Using this method of therapy makes the assumption that psychological problems stem from early childhood experiences and internal conflicts. According to Sigmund Freud, these conflicts involve shifting of the three psychic structures, the id, ego, and superego (Rathus, 2012). Traditional psychoanalysis focuses on early childhood experiences and can spread for months to years. This is the method in which most people are familiar with. Usually it’s a one on one hour session with a therapist who wants and encourages to tell your story. Short-term dynamic therapies was created for clients who do not have the time or resources for continued therapy.
Humanistic therapies focus on the quality of the client 's subjective, conscious experience, and what clients are experiencing here and now. According to our textbook, client-centered therapy aims to provide insight into the part of us that we have disowned so that we can feel whole (Rathus, 2012).The goal of
References: Spencer A. Rathus (2012) - PSYCH Student Edition Operant Conditioning. (2009). Retrieved from http://phobias.about.com/od/glossary/g/operconddef.htm