Topics: Human behavior, Psychotherapy, Psychology Pages: 5 (1466 words) Published: January 29, 2013
Due to the harmful effects created by the traumatic experience of being bullied some victims have a hard time recovering from the said situation. They are greatly affected not only socially but mentally, emotionally and personally as well. Some even have the psychotic tendency of retreating to their personal haven because of the fear that they will again be experiencing the traumatic experience. Mostly these victims are so affected that their self-esteem suffers great damage affecting the way they communicate and coordinate with his/her surroundings thus making him/her vulnerable. Because of this many therapies and treatments are specially developed in order for these victims to cope up with the situation and save the depreciated self-respect and self-esteem for themselves that is necessary to or them to live a normal and fulfilling life. These therapies and treatments are not only for the victims but for the bullies themselves who may have problems with their own and their way of coping is through bullying. The therapies are as follows: A. Clinical Counseling

* Is a rational, problem solving process to facilitate enlightened self-understanding * According to Edward Griffith Williamson (1950), people who undertake clinical counseling are rational beings who can think and use science for further self-development and progress. They are the people who are born with the mentality that they can attain a meaningful life by seeking what is good and controlling (if not rejecting) what is evil. By utilization of personal abilities they have the capability of solving problems but nevertheless, needs others to achieve full humane development. However as this kind of people both has the potential for good and evil and if evil is left uncheck can be incapable of developing autonomously and problems can arise. * This kind of treatment aims to help clients to modify subjective and erroneous self-appraisal of potentialities, aspirations and self-concept, to develop full human potentialities without violating the right to develop their own life goals and achieve desired life satisfaction and personal goals. B. Person-CenteredApproach

* Individuals have the capacity to solve their problems and regulate themselves without the direction or manipulation of the therapist. * According to Carl Ransom Rogers (1951; 1961), person-centered approach are for people who are positive, forward-moving, basically good, rational, socialized, realistic, cooperative, constructive and trustworthy. They have the capacity to become aware of factors involving in their own physiological maladjustment and to move to a state of physiological adjustment through self-actualization but discrepancy between the real self and the ideal self, thought and reality, self and experience, self-perception and others’ perception is where the difficulty for this kind of people arise. * This kind of counseling has the aim to produce an atmosphere of freedom in which the client, through self-exploration, comes to see himself/herself and his/her reactions more clearly and accept his/her attitudes more fully. Through self-actualization or the experience of full humanness one can achieve true enjoyment of life in all its aspects. * It’s the repeated use of reflection of feelings, emphatic communication, and paraphrasing moved the client from a negative to a positive state. Furthermore, these treatment entails that merely by focusing on the clients feelings and perceptions of reality, and even without attempt of the therapist to solve the problem for directly, the client can actually come up with their own solutions. C. Eclectic Counseling

* Counseling activities must be based on the specific case data and personality of the client. * Based on the research Frederick Charles Thorne (1961; 1967), people who undergoes Eclectic Counseling have the nature of striving for self-actualization but with...
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