THEPRINCIPLE PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVESP1 Explain The Principle

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PRINCIPLE PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES

P1: Explain the principle psychological perspectives

There are many types of psychological perspectives to be discussed in the unit. These all help us understand and comprehend psychology in different ways. The six principles I will be discussing are; Behaviourist theories (Pavlov, Skinner), Social learning (Bandura), Psychodynamic (Freud, Erikson), Humanistic theory (Maslow, Carl Rogers), Cognitive theory (Jean, Piaget, Kelly) and Biological (Gesel).

Behaviourism/Behaviourist approach

Behaviourist perspective also known as learning perspective explains all the human behaviours are differently affected by the rewards and consequences of their actions. For instance, behaviourist believe that people have to learn to make and maintain relationship and that the way we cope with stress and pressure is also result of what we have to learnt from others. There are two key thinkers associated with this perspective are Pavlov Classical conditioning also Skinner Operant conditioning.
Even these two theorists believes, that different type of process were included however they both, explains the different type of behaviour as a result, some of the behaviour which are being learnt are from shyness to aggression, from happiness to depression. This is completely different from saying the psychodynamic or biological approaches.

Classical Conditioning

Classical conditioning was studied by Ivan Pavlov, a Russian psychologist. Though looking into natural reflexes and neutral stimuli he managed to condition dogs to salivate to the sound of a bell through repeated associated of the sound of the bell and food. The principles of classical conditioning have been applied in many therapies. These include systematic desensitization for phobias (step-by-step exposed to feared stimulus at once) and aversion therapy. According to Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), a Russian physiologist, and B.F. Skinner (1904-90), American

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