Practice of Professional Nursing
July 21, 2014
Vicki Hartin, Phd(c), RN, CNE
West Texas A & M University
The Theory of Leadership
Leadership is defined by Yoder-Wise (2011) as the process by which one uses personal traits to effectively and ethically lead patients, families and staff to accomplish clinical and organizational outcomes. Theory is defined by nursing-theory.org (2013) as a belief, policy or procedure that is followed to accomplish a mission (nursing-theory.org, 2013). Theory has everything to do with nursing, it answers questions that need answers, it supports evidence based practice and it guides, directs and sharpens clinical and organizational problem solving outcomes (Yoder-Wise, (2011). In nursing no one theory solves a situation, each situation has to be assessed and evaluated to reach the best outcome that applies to the situation. As I am reading about leadership theories, knowing that no one leadership theory accomplishes every situation, I believe I function between the Situational-Contingency Leadership Theory and the Transformational Leadership Theory. As I lead the evening shift as the staffing coordinator I am the only administration on grounds after five pm, so at times I am making decisions on the spur of the moment to take care of the situation at hand, this is where my Situational-Contingency Theory traits comes in. When I am in a relaxed state with support from other administration members during the day my Transformational Leadership Theory traits are in operation, however I believe Transformational Leadership Theory describes my traits best. Per Yoder-Wise (2011) leadership theories were developed as a system of knowledge whereby behaviors and traits of leaders who were looked at as successful at influencing people, events and situations to achieve organization goals were identified. According to Yoder-Wise (2011) it is evident today that leadership is a process of interacting with others and therefore motivational theories uniformly overlapped with leadership theories. Transformational Leadership Theory
According to Yoder-Wise (2011) in Transformational Leadership Theory, the leader puts the needs and aspirations of followers before his or hers to motivate them so they achieve the highest level of achievement in motivation and morality. Transformation leaders inspire their followers by encouraging them to display optimism, intellectual stimulation and creativity (Yoder-Wise, 2011). Sullivan (2009) states with Transformational Leadership Theory, focus is directed to interpersonal relationships, it is not concerned with status quo. The ultimate goal for Transformational Leadership Theory is to encourage employees to commit to the vision of the organization rather than seeking personal interests (Sullivan, 2009). I believe in Transformational Leadership Theory because it can be used effectively by nurses, coworkers on the bedside, in the home, in the community health centers and other health organizations (Sullivan, 2009). It has been proven that Transformational Leadership Theory leaders practice reduces burnout among employees (Weber, 2010). Most clinical registered nurses reported high level job satisfaction when led by Transformational Theory Leaders (Yoder-Wise, 2011). Transformational Leadership was rebirthed in the millennium when globalization and other influences forced organizations to reestablish themselves (Yoda-Wise, 2011). Personal Theory of Leadership
My personal theory of leadership is one where the leader leads by example. I am professional in my dressing and professional in my speaking, I believe in role modelling as the best example because in life, I have learned that you can say things all you want to and if they are not seeing you doing them they are not going to believe in it. Role modelling is an important form of communication. A study was done on Chief Executive Officers who were...
References: Latham, J. R. (2013). A framework for leading the transformation to performance excellence part II: CEO perspectives on leadership behaviors, individual leader characteristics, and organizational culture. Quality Management Journal, 20(3), 19-40. Retrieved from http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.databases.wtamu.edu:2048/ed
nursing-theory.org (2013). Retrieved from http://www.google.com/search?client=safari&rls=en&q=nursing-theory.org on 07/11/2014.
Sullivan, E. J. (2009). Effective leadership and management in nursing. (8thed.). Pearson
Weber, J. (2010). Assessing the “tone at the top”: the moral reasoning of CEO’s in the automobile industry. Journal of Business Ethics, 92(2), 167-182. Retrieved from http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.databases.wtamu.edu:2048/ed
Yoder-Wise, P. S. (2011). Leading and managing in nursing. St, Louis, Missouri: Mosby-Elsevier
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