Theory

Topics: Developmental psychology, Psychology, Learning Pages: 3 (657 words) Published: September 9, 2013
Ryanne Williams
9/7/13
Makeup assignment
J.Reid

Theory's In Early Childhood

In early child education there are a number of therious who have contributed greatly to out educaton and understanding children. Form how they think, why they do, and what type of person/adult they will become is all out line for us to reseacch. Based on psychologial facts we have come to understand and appreciate the importance of proper child reering. I personally believe that all therioes have some truth to them based on psychological

Simgna frued stressed the importance of childhood events and experiences, but focused on mental disorders rather that normal functioning. According to Freud, child development is described as a series of 'psychosexual stages. Freud outlined these stages as oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital. Each stage involves the satisfaction of a desire and can later play a role in adult personality. If a child does not successfully complete a stage, Freud suggested that he or she would develop a fixation that would later influence adult personality and behavior.

Erik Erikson also proposed a stage theory of development, but his theory encompassed human growth throughout the entire lifespan. Erikson believed that each stage of development was focused on overcoming a conflict. For example, the primary conflict during the adolescent period involves establishing a sense of personal identity. Success or failure in dealing with the conflicts at each stage can impact overall functioning. During the adolescent stage, for example, failure to develop an identity results in the roll of confusion.

Another psychologist named Lev Vygotsky proposed a seminal learning theory that has gone on to become very influential, especially in the field of education. He believed that children learn actively and through hands-on experiences. His sociocultural theory also suggested that parents, caregivers, peers and the culture at large were responsible...
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