top-rated free essay

Theorists

By charliebartonxo Apr 11, 2015 551 Words
Bruner suggested a theory that was the Language Acquisition Support System (LASS), this means that children had to have their language supported and scaffolded by those around them in order for them to develop their language. A working example of this would be when children overgeneralise words, for example they would call a ‘swan’ a ‘duck’ just because they look similar. Therefore in order for a child to develop their language, caregivers would help them by telling them the correct words to use. Chomsky suggested the Language Acquisition Device (LAD), this means that children have an innate capacity to learn, although this has to be triggered in order for them to be able to use it. An example of this would be when children apply tense to words that don’t have the bound morpheme ‘ed’ at the end. For example when a child would say ‘I flied’ rather than ‘I flew’, this is an example because it clear that they understand the rule of regular verbs and the bound morpheme ‘ed’ yet they don’t understand to only apply it to regular verbs. Skinner is a behaviourist that suggested that children need to be scaffolded throughout their entire language development, this is because they learn through imitating those around them. For example when children say ‘mum’ or ‘dad’ as their first words because their parents have continually said them for their entire lives, therefore they would imitate them in order to say it back and therefore creating a wider range of language. Jean Berko-Gleeson suggested a theory that children need to be in a routine intentionality to help with their development, this meant that children associate one thing with another. An example of this routine would be when you show a child a towel and they know that they are then going to have a bath. This shows that interaction with other people is crucial to language development. Katherine Nelson shows that children’s first words fit into four categories, these are Naming (noun), Action (verb), Social and Modifying (adverb, adjective). She claimed that 60% of children’s first 50 words fit into the naming category, this is due to caregivers constantly wanting children to name things. For example when caregivers ask children if they want things, such as ‘milk’, they pronounce milk so prominently that children remember the term and therefore begin to remember it and ask for it. Eve Clark suggested a ‘before and after’ theory. This meant that children only understand what sentences mean if they are worded in a particular order, for example they would understand something chronologically ordered, but as soon as it was changed they went blank and could not cope. For example a child would understand ‘we went to the shop and then the park’ but they would not understand ‘we went to the park after we went to the shop’. Roger Brown suggested that children make virtuous errors, this means that children know the linguistic definitions and rules, yet they can’t be correctly applied. Therefore a child might say ‘runned’ instead of ‘ran’ this is because they innately know to add the bound morpheme ‘ed’ although they are unaware of the rule of which word it gets applied to. This theory shows that interaction with others helps to protect children from continually making these mistakes.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Theorists Assignment

    ...Theorists Assignment. Physical Development Theorists. Through 37 years as director of the Yale Clinic of Child Development (later renamed Yale Child Study Center), Arnold Gesell pursued the task of observing and recording the changes in child growth and development from infancy through adolescence. Gesell is a maturationist; his descriptions...

    Read More
  • Theorists

    ... Using the Internet, locate TWO life facts or research facts not stated in the textbook about  EACH the following theorists: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, John Locke, John B. Watson, G. Stanley Hall,   Arnold Gessell, Sigmund Freud...

    Read More
  • Theorists

    ...Theorists Child development theories are an organized set of principles designed to explain and predict something. Below are some major child development theorists and their theories. Jean Piaget – (1896-1980) was originally a biologist before going on to study the development of children’s understanding. He studied children by observi...

    Read More
  • theorists

    ...JOHN FREDERICK CHARLES FULLER 1. Gen. Major Gen John Frederick Charles Fuller (1878 –1966) was a British, mil historian and strategist, notable as an early theorist of modern armd warfare. He was commissioned in a Light Inf Bn and participated in South African Boers War and World War I. In 1916, he was apptd as a staff offr in the newly r...

    Read More
  • Learning Theorists

    ...Learning Theorists Piaget (1896-1980) described development as going through different mental processes. He believed that all children pass through the stages but environmental influences on children will vary the ages each stage is reached. A child who is given more learning opportunities will develop faster by progressing through the stages...

    Read More
  • Theorists

    ...Friedrich Frobel Frobel was born on the 21st April 1782 in a village called Oberweissbach. At the age of 10 years old Frobel was taught to work, the first job he had was to make a list of trees, his work brought him up to be strong and built up his muscles. Working taught him many things such as how to draw, to describe, to decide and a few ...

    Read More
  • Theorists

    ...Theorists Piaget Jean Piaget was a Swiss biologist, philosopher, and psychologist best known for his work in the area of developmental psychology. Piaget's focus was on the intellectual or cognitive development of children and on the way in which their mind's processed and progressed in knowledge. Piaget's central thesis was that children d...

    Read More
  • Theorists

    ...Albert Bandura Albert J. Reiss Albert K. Cohen Andre Michel Guerry Austin T. Turk Charles Horton Cooley Charles R. Tittle Clifford R. Shaw David Metza Delbert Elliott Edmund Husserl Edwin Lemert Edwin Sutherland Emile Durkheim Ernest Burgess F. Ivan Nye Georg Rusche George B. Vold George Herbert Mead Gordon Trasier Gresham Sy...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.