Theorist Research and Personal Learning Theory Paper
This is a study to evaluate several behavioral and cognitive theories that educators today still apply in their classroom today with their students. It is important to know the base and reasoning behind these theories to understand how children learn and what factor affect or control their cognitive and social growth. This paper intends to expose the author’s preference theories applied in the classroom.
Children in the society grow physically, cognitively, emotionally, and socially. Many theories have been formulated on how and why this happens. The theories were arranged into five categories to be easier analyzed: psychoanalytic theories, learning theories, humanistic theories, cognitive theories, and ethological theories. Theorist left established that learning is the act or process of knowing; this base definition left a common starting point from which the different theories are elaborated. Psychoanalytic Theory This theory emphasizes the importance of early childhood experiences and unconscious motivations in influencing behavior. Freud felt that sexual urges and aggressive instincts and drives were the primary determinants of behavior. The individual, defined in this theory, was motivated by the pleasure principle, the desire to achieve maximum pleasure and to avoid pain. The conflict within the individual between these instinctual urges and societal expectations was the primary cause of emotional disturbances and illnesses. Social Cognitive and Learning theory Mostly known by Bandura’s Theory. Social learning theorists accept the view of behaviorists that behavior is learned and development is influenced by the environment, but they reject the mechanistic view that altered behavior is a mindless response to stimuli. Social cognitive and learning theory emphasizes the role of both cognition and
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