Theories of development and framework to support development It is important that we have Theories of development because they help us to understand childrens behaviour and infulence practice that effects the way in which children learn. COGNATIVE
CONSTRUCTIVIST- Looks at the way children are able to make sence of their world from ther experiences, this shows that children are active learners Theroists- Jean Piaget- Lev Vygotsky
Jean Piaget was intrested in childrens cognative development, he became intrested in this behaviour after working on intelligeance tests on animals in a career as a zoooligist, he found that when children were asked questions that they very often gave similar wrong answers to some questions this mad Piaget question why this was. during reasearching this theory Piaget observed his own children. Piagets theory is sometimes refered to as constructivist approach, this is because he suggested that the childrens experiences and the world around them helped to construct and build up their toughts. Piaget suggested that learning was an ongoing process and that children need to adapt their own ideas if a new piece of information seemed to contradict their conclusions (ie) If a child goes to nursery every day and is given porridge in a yellow bowl with a red spoon yeat on day the child is given cereal in the same bowl with the same spoon the child will have to reconsider their theory that its just porridge that is served in the yellow bowl with the red spoon. To help us understand why young children's thinking is different to ours Piaget suggested that children develop schemas based on direct experiences and that as children develop so does their thinking. he grouped childrens cognative development in to four broad stages (Sourced from childrens and young peoples workforce level 3 page 65) sensori-motor 0-2 years Development of object permanence Child begins to use symbols(language) pre-operational 2-7 years Child uses symbols in play and thought Egocentrism
Inability to conserve concrete 7-11 years Ability to conserve
operational Children begin to solve mental problems suports such as counters and objects
Formal 11-15 years Young people can think about
operational situations that they have not experienced
They can juggle with ideas in their own mind
Links to practice
Piagets theory has lead to a more hands on and relevent approach to learning in early years settings and school, his approach is said to have infulenced 'child centred' teaching, this is where the adult works out the childs needs and plans activities accordingly. It also infulenced managing childrens behaviour and looked at development ans morality from a childs view rather than an adults.
Vygotsky's theory on cognative development
Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) suggested that the childs social enviroment ans experiences prove very important, he found that children aquired skills and conceots by with their parents and with their peers.Vygotsky viewed children as apprentices with the thinking that through being with others they are learning and gaining understanding of the world. Vygotsky also suggested that for the child to be able to use ther emerging skills and concepts they need the carers to extend their learning, enviroment and experiances.
Links to practice
Vygotsky suggested that people working with children need to be able to extend and challange the childrens thoughts and so allowing their delelopment to...
Links: to practice
Achilds basic needs for warmth, food and shelter are recognised when working in early years settings they also need there psychological need such as promoting self esteem and love to be met for them to be able to feel comftable and so they are able to achieve their full potential .
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