Course Code: GOVT 1001: Introduction to Political Philosophy Tutorial Question: Examine and discuss the views of Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau
on the subject of the state of nature and the civil state.
When we hear the word Iconic, we think of something or someone that stands out, one that, through its actions has been of great significance and has made a lasting impression on the way you live and society entirely. The work of Thomas Hobbes can definitely be described as iconic in the realm of political philosophy. Born in 1588, Hobbes is most largely known for his piece, The Leviathan (1651). He argued that all people are naturally equal in mind and body. The Leviathan also argues that civil peace and social unity are best achieved by the establishment of a commonwealth through social contract. Hobbes portrayed this commonwealth as a gigantic human form constructed from the members of society, the citizens, all governed by the sovereign as the head. The Leviathan conforms to that of the idea of a ‘civil state,’ that being the union of individuals in a civil society under a system of laws is the core structure that a society should operate under. The Leviathan and the concept of civil state contrasts directly to that of the idea of the state of nature. This is a realm of political philosophy that highlights a hypothetical situation, or otherwise what would have been referred to as the natural condition of mankind if there was no sort of governance, laws or common power to restrict human nature. That state where the nature of mankind to have an incessant pursuit of power. The structure-less concept where two people who cherish the same thing they both cannot acquire, they will become enemies and seek to destroy each other as a result. In arguing that all humans are by nature equal in faculties of body and mind and having no natural inequalities resulting in an inability to give anyone a claim to an exclusive benefit over another...
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